Born On This Day:
- Izaak Walton, 1593
- Jean Piaget, 1896
- Charles Farrell, 1901
- Philip Larkin, 1922
- Marvin Minsky, 1927
- Robert Shaw, 1927
- Bob Cousy, 1928
- Rod Laver, 1938
- David Steinberg, 1942
- Sam Elliott, 1944
- Ken Norton, 1945
- Melanie Griffith, 1957
- Whitney Houston, 1963
- Gillian Anderson, 1968
Died On This Day:
- Ruggiero Leoncavallo, 1919
- Lincoln Steffens, 1936
- Hermann Hesse, 1962
- Joe Orton murdered, 1967
- Sharon Tate killed, 1969
- Dimitry Shostakovich, 1975
- James Gould Cozzens, 1978
- Jerry Garcia, 1995
- Gregory Hines, 2003
- Karen Black, 2013
- 48 BC - Julius Caesar triumphant win at Pharsalus in the Wars of the First Triumvirate or Roman Civil Wars.
- AD 378 - Barbarian horsemen triumph over Roman infantry-40,000 lost at Battle of Adrianople.
- AD 480 - Persians triumph over heavily outnumbered Spartans at Thermopylae in Greece.
- 1174 - Construction begins on the Tower of Pisa in Italy which later becomes the Leaning Tower of...
- 1592 - English explorer John Davis discovers the Falkland Islands.
- 1829 - First steam locomotive runs in U.S., Baltimore to Ohio.
- 1842 - U.S./Canada frontier defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty between Britain & USA.
- 1854 - 'Walden (Life in the Woods)' by Henry Thoreau published.
- 1859 - Marcus Norton of Troy, NY receives patent on postage-canceling machine.
- 1892 - Thomas Alva Edison gets patent on telegraph enabling 2 operators to work simultaneously.
- 1901 - Oklahoma Territory gains 2 million acres; lands bought from Comanche, Kiowa and Apaches for $2M.
- 1902 - Edward VII finally crowned after postponement of June 26 coronation due to appendectomy.
- 1903 - Pope Pius X (Giuseppe Sarto) crowned before 70,000 at Vatican, Rome.
- 1910 - Alva J. Fisher of Chicago patents the electric washing machine.
- 1930 - Betty Boop cartoon premieres.
- 1936 - Jesse Owens wins relay (world record) at German Olympics; Hitler leaves stadium without congrats.
- 1939 - First televised tennis tournament - Eastern Grass Court championships at Westchester Country Club.
- 1944 - U.S. troops win Guam from the Japanese killing 17,000 and taking 500 prisoners. WWII
- 1944 - U.S. D.A. Forest Service launches anti-forest fire campaign starring Smokey the Bear.
- 1945 - Second atom bomb code-named Fat Man dropped on Nagasaki, Japan killing 74,800. WWII
- 1959 - St. Lawrence Seaway dedicated.
- 1969 - Manson family begin killings in Beverly Hills; Sharon Tate, 3 house guests and neighbor killed.
- 1974 - Richard Nixon gives farewell speech; Gerald Ford becomes 38th President, first not to be elected.
- 1979 - First nude beach in Britain revealed at Brighton.
- 1986 - Painter Andrew Wyeth announces existence of 240 secret paintings he made of woman named Helga.
- 1993 - Albert II sworn in as sixth king of the Belgians upon death of his older brother King Baudouin.
- 2010 - Englishman Ed Stafford becomes first person to walk the entire length of Amazon River - 4,000 miles in 859 days.
- 2014 - Unarmed Black teenage thief Michael Brown shot and killed by white Ferguson Missouri police officer resulting in race protests around America.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Independence Day Singapore (1965)
- Day of the Heroes or Demi-Gods of the Romans.
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
- ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
- CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
- Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
- FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA
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