Born On This Day:
- Eddie Rickenbacker, 1890
- Juan Peron, 1895
- Rouben Mamoulian, 1897
- Meyer Levin, 1905
- Kiichi Miyazawa, 1919
- Frank Herbert, 1920
- Rona Barrett, 1936
- Paul Hogan, 1939
- Rev. Jesse Jackson, 1941
- Chevy Chase, 1943
- R.I. Stine, 1943
- Johnny Ramone, 1948
- Sarah Purcell, 1948
- Sigourney Weaver, 1949
- Stephanie Zimbalist, 1956
- Matt Damon, 1970
Died On This Day:
- Henry Fielding, 1754
- John Hancock, 1793
- Henri Christophe Haiti, 1820
- Richard Whately, 1863
- Franklin Pierce, 1869
- Wendell Willkie, 1944
- Clement Atlee, 1967
- Fernando Lamas, 1982
- Joan Hackett, 1983
- Paul Prudhomme, 2015
- Y. A. Tittle, 2017
- 1085 - St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice is consecrated.
- 1737 - Good ship Charming Nancy docks at Philly with 20 Amish families, the first to land in America.
- 1856 - 'Arrow incident'-British ship boarded by Chinese provokes 2nd Anglo-Chinese War.
- 1871 - Great Peshtigo Fire erupts in Peshtigo, WI, killing record 1,182, the greatest death toll by fire in US history.
- 1871 - Great fire of Chicago starts in Patrick O'Leary's barn, one of U.S. great disasters; $1.96 billion lost.
- 1874 - First American trial for pointing breed dogs held in Memphis, Tennessee.
- 1881 - Cyclone in Haiphong, North Vietnam kills 300,000.
- 1887 - Edison Phonograph Company formed to market Edison's machine with wax cylinders.
- 1918 - Beirut taken by British.
- 1918 - Sgt. Alvin York single-handedly kills 28 Germans, gets 132 to surrender at Hill 223, Argonne. WWI
- 1919 - First US transcontinental air race begins with 63 planes flying between Calif. and New York.
- 1929 - First movie shown in an airplane; Newsreel and cartoons shown 5,000 feet in the air.
- 1945 - Raytheon files a US patent for engineer Percy Spencer's invention, the microwave oven.
- 1956 - New York Yankees pitcher Don Larsen throws only World Series perfect game defeating Brooklyn 2-0.
- 1965 - Post Office Tower, highest building in London, opens.
- 1966 - Government bans sale and production of LSD.
- 1970 - Alexander Solzhenitsyn wins Nobel Prize for literature; fears of exclusion from USSR stops him going to Stockholm.
- 1973 - First commercial radio station in Britain goes on the air, London Broadcasting Company, LBC; BBC's 50-year monopoly broken.
- 1980 - Polish government bans all labor organizations including Solidarity.
- 2005 - 7.6 earthquake in Hindu Kush mountains of Pakistan kills 87,000 with 2.5 million homeless.
- 2006 - "Les Miserables" celebrates 25th anniversary and becomes the longest running musical in the West End of London overtaking "Cats."
- 2017 - Wildfires decimate California; 23 dead in Napa Valley, Central Valley and even burns marijuana crops in Mendocino County.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Pelagia the Penitent
- Sergius and Bacchus
- CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
- DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
- PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
- LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
- CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
- DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
- BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
- RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
- CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
- COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
- DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
- MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
- THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October
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