Born On This Day:
- Mata Hari (Margaret Gertrude Zelle), 1876
- Billie Burke, 1886
- Dr. Louis Leakey, 1903
- Ralph Bunche, 1904
- Nicholas Ray, 1911
- Stan Freberg, 1926
- B. J. Thomas, 1942
- Garrison Keillor, 1942
- Loni Anderson, 1944
- David Duchovney, 1960
- Charlize Theron, 1975
Died On This Day:
- Admiral Robert Blake, 1657
- Queen Caroline of Brunswick, 1821
- Bix Beiderbecke, 1931
- Konstantin Stanislavsky, 1937
- Oliver Hardy, 1957
- Larry Adler, 2001
- Red Adair, 2004
- Peter Jennings, 2005
- 1566 - UFO sighted above Basle, Switzerland is first to be chronicled.
- 1588 - Midnight-British fleet begins its defeat of the Spanish Armada at Calais.
- 1782 - General George Washington establishes Order of the Purple Heart for 'meritorious action.'
- 1789 - Congress establishes the U.S. War Department with Henry Knox as first secretary of war.
- 1790 - Muskogian Indians sign peace treaty with George Washington.
- 1807 - Robert Fulton's steamboat 'The Clermont' makes first regular voyage from New York to Albany.
- 1830 - Louis Phillipe accepts the crown of France.
- 1840 - British Parliament passes Act prohibiting boys to work as chimney sweeps.
- 1847 - George Page of Washington D.C. granted patent on a plow to pulverize soil.
- 1858 - Ottowa becomes the capital of Canada.
- 1888 - Revolving door patented by Theophilus Van Kannel of Pennsylvania.
- 1914 - Spain declares herself neutral in WWI.
- 1918 - Second battle of the Marne ends with German retreat.
- 1926 - First British Grand Prix raced at Brooklands.
- 1937 - Three months after its opening, shell-shocked WW1 veteran Harold Wobber is the first suicide jumper off San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge.
- 1944 - The Harvard Mark I computer (AKA IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCCI) dedicated at Harvard.
- 1947 - After a 4,300 mile journey lasting 101 days, Kon-Tiki's Thor Heyerdahl lands on Raroia, Polynesia.
- 1959 - First photographs taken of Earth from space from Explorer VI.
- 1972 - Uganda leader Idi Amin gives Asian non-citizens 90 days to leave the country.
- 1987 - Lynne Cox is first to swim 2.7 mi. Bering Strait channel between America and Russia.
- 1998 - US embassies in Nairobi and Dar-es-Salaam bombed in coordinated terrorist attacks; 224 dead.
- 2000 - Al Gore chooses first Jewish VP running mate in US history - Joseph Lieberman.
- 2007 - SF Giants baseball star Barry Bonds passes Hank Aaron's 33 year-old 755 homer record but achievement is tainted by accusations of steroid use.
- 2007 - Scientists confirm that the Yangtze river dolphin or baiji has become extinct, the first cetacean to die out because of human influence.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Independence Day Ivory Coast (1960)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
- ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
- CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
- Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
- FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA
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