Born On This Day:
- John Paul Jones, 1747
- Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, 1832
- Roger W. Babson, 1875
- Frida Kahlo, 1907
- George Cukor, 1907
- Dorothy Kirsten, 1910
- Nancy Reagan, 1921
- Merv Griffin, 1925
- Bill Haley, 1925
- Pat Paulsen, 1927
- Janet Leigh, 1927
- Della Reese, 1932
- Dave Allen, 1936
- Vladimir Ashkenazy, 1937
- Ned Beatty, 1937
- George W. Bush, 1946
- Sylvester Stallone, 1946
- Shelley Hack, 1949
- Allyce Beasley, 1954
- Jennifer Saunders, 1958
Died On This Day:
- King Henry II, 1189
- Jan Hus burned at stake, 1415
- Sir Thomas More beheaded, 1535
- King Edward VI, 1553
- Guy de Maupassant, 1893
- Kenneth Grahame, 1932
- Aneurin Bevan, 1960
- J. P. Marquand, 1960
- William Faulkner, 1962
- Louis (Satchmo) Armstrong, 1971
- Brandon De Wilde killed, 1972
- Otto Klemperer, 1973
- Janos Kadar, 1989
- Jim Samuels, 1990
- Roy Rogers, 1998
- John Frankenheimer, 2002
- Buddy Ebsen, 2003
- Robert McNamara, 2009
- 1189 - Richard I (Richard the Lionheart) accedes the throne of England upon the death of his father, Henry II.
- 1439 - Decree of Union unites Latin and Greek churches.
- 1483 - Coronation of Richard III.
- 1785 - Continental Congress decrees that decimal system of money be adopted - dollar is first decimal money anywhere.
- 1827 - Treaty of London recognizes autonomy of Greece.
- 1854 - Republican Party formally established at Jackson, Mississippi by former Whigs and Free-Soilers.
- 1858 - Shoe manufacturing machine patented by Lyman Reed Blake of Abington, Mass.
- 1885 - Louis Pasteur gave the first human anti-rabies shot.
- 1917 - T.E. Lawrence takes Aqaba with his Arab forces.
- 1923 - USSR formally constituted as Russia, White Russia, Transcaucasia and the Ukraine merge.
- 1928 - Warner Brothers' 'Lights of New York' first all-talking picture opens at Strand Theatre, N.Y.
- 1933 - American League defeats National League in first All-Star baseball game at Comiskey Park.
- 1944 - Ringling Brothers tent catches fire in Hartford killing 168 as 'Stars and Stripes Forever' plays on.
- 1957 - Althea Gibson becomes the first black tennis player to win a Wimbledon singles title, defeating fellow American Darlene Hard 6-3, 6-2.
- 1967 - Civil War in Nigeria.
- 2018 - 12:01 a.m. - President Trump's trade war against China's $34 billiion exports begins.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Mary Goretti
- Independence for Malawi (1964), Comoros (1975)
- Feast of St. Thomas More
- Martyrdom of Jan Hus day in Czechoslovakia
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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