Born On This Day:
- Guy de Maupassant, 1850
- Bruce Barton, 1886
- Conrad Aiken, 1889
- John Huston, 1906
- Robert Taylor, 1911
- Anita Colby, 1914
- Neil Armstrong, 1930
- John Saxon, 1935
- Patrick Ewing, 1962
Died On This Day:
- King Louis III France, AD 882
- Friedrich Engels, 1895
- Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett, 1929
- Carmen Miranda, 1955
- Marilyn Monroe suicide? OD, 1962
- Judy Canova, 1983
- Richard Burton, 1984
- Winthrop Sargeant, 1986
- Ralph Meeker, 1988
- Ettore Maserati, 1990
- Soichiro Honda, 1991
- Sir Alec Guinness, 2000
- Budd Schulberg, 2009
- Toni Morrison, 2019
- 1192 - Richard the Lionheart wins Battle of Jaffa.
- 1583 - Newfoundland coast sighted and claimed for England by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in sailing ship 'Squirrel.'
- 1648 - French under Louis II de Conde defeats Spanish at Lens ending the Thirty Years' War.
- 1709 - Bartolomeu de Gusmao demonstrates first hot air balloon over king's palace in Portugal.
- 1833 - Village of Chicago incorporated - population 200.
- 1858 - Cable across Atlantic Ocean completed.
- 1861 - Federal income tax law passed but revenues on income not collected until following year.
- 1864 - Commander David Farragut orders 'Damn the torpedoes, full steam ahead!' in battle of Mobile Bay.
- 1890 - French protectorate declared over Madagascar.
- 1891 - First American Express traveler's check cashed.
- 1909 - Congress passes first Corporation tax.
- 1914 - First electric traffic lights installed at Euclid Ave. & East 105th, Cleveland. Red & green, no amber.
- 1921 - First play-by-play baseball game broadcast on KDKA, Pittsburgh. Corsairs beat Philly 8-5.
- 1939 - British transatlantic mail service inaugurated.
- 1952 - First transatlantic helicopter flight.
- 1957 - Dick Clark's 'American Bandstand' makes TV debut; show airs for 30 years.
- 1960 - Independence for Upper Volta.
- 1962 - Nelson Mandela sentenced to five years imprisonment; later increased to life.
- 1963 - Nuclear Test Ban Treaty signed by Britain, America and Russia; no more booms in atmosphere, space.
- 1972 - Expulsion of Asians from Uganda announced.
- 1982 - Dick Smith starts first solo 'round the world helicopter flight from Fort Worth, TX.
- 2003 - House of Bishops votes to confirm Gene Robinson as bishop of New Hampshire - first openly gay bishop in Christendom.
- 2011 - Standard and Poors downgrades United States' credit rating from AAA to AA+ for the first time in its history.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Day of Nanak, founder of Sikhism
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
- ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
- CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
- Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
- FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA
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