Born On This Day:
- Franz Schubert, 1797
- Zane Grey, 1872
- Anna Pavlova, 1882
- Eddie Cantor, 1892
- Tallulah Bankhead, 1903
- John O'Hara, 1905
- Jersey Joe Walcott, 1914
- Garry Moore, 1915
- Jackie Robinson, 1919
- Carol Channing, 1921
- Mario Lanza, 1921
- Norman Mailer, 1923
- Jean Simmons, 1929
- Ernie Banks, 1931
- Philip Glass, 1937
- Suzanne Pleshette, 1937
- Queen Beatrix Netherlands, 1938
- Dick Gephardt, 1941
- Nolan Ryan, 1947
- Minnie Driver, 1971
- Justin Timberlake, 1981
Died On This Day:
- Guy Fawkes beheaded, 1606
- Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) , 1788
- Whistler's mother, 1881
- Marquess of Queensberry, 1900
- John Galsworthy, 1933
- Jean Giraudoux, 1944
- Pvt. Eddie Slovik executed, 1945
- A.A. Milne, 1956
- Samuel Goldwyn, 1974
- George Abbott, 1995
- Moira Shearer, 2006
- Sidney Sheldon, 2007
- Lizabeth Scott, 2015
- 1328 - Capetian dynasty of France ends with death of French King Charles II.
- 1851 - Invention of evaporated milk announced by Gail Borden of Brooklyn NY.
- 1865 - US House of Representatives passes constitutional amendment to abolish slavery.
- 1876 - All Sioux Indians ordered onto reservations, commencing the Sioux Indian War.
- 1882 - Great World Building fire on Park Row in New York City.
- 1901 - Anton Chekhov's play 'Three Sisters' premieres in Russia.
- 1928 - Leon Trotsky exiled to Alma Ata (now in Kazakhstan) following his expulsion from Communist Party on 11/12/27.
- 1940 - First social security check in America issued to Miss Ida May Fuller of Vermont in the amount of $22.54.
- 1943 - Stalingrad holds out-worst German defeat in History-WWII. Invasion began Sept. 15, 1942.
- 1949 - First daytime soap opera goes on TV-'These Are My Children,' on NBC Chicago.
- 1953 - Great storm surge in England is Northern Europe's worst natural disaster for two centuries; 150,000 acres covered in sea water; 307 dead.
- 1958 - First American satellite, Explorer I, 31 lbs, launched by Wernher von Braun.
- 1971 - Apollo XIV launched; Shepard and Ed Mitchell in another moon landing on Feb 5.
- 1983 - Wearing seatbelts in cars made compulsory in Britain.
- 1990 - McDonald's restaurant opens in Russia; now the busiest Mac in the world.
- 2000 - Britain's most prolific serial killer, Dr. Harold Shipman, is sentenced to 15 life sentences for murder.
- 2020 - United Kingdom leaves the European Union at 11:00 pm tonight, 1,317 days after the vote for Brexit.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Aidan (or Maedoc) of Ferns
- John Bosco, Marcella
- Cyrus and John
- Independence Day Nauru (1968)
- YÜAN TAN. Chinese New Year's Day. Based on lunar calendar - starts sunset on day of 2nd New Moon.
- CHINESE LANTERN FESTIVAL 15th day of first month of lunar calendar marks end of Chinese New Year.
- TU BI-SHEBAT (Judaism) New Year for Trees, celebrated on 15th of lunar month Shebat.
- MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY 3rd Monday in January
- ADULTS DAY in Japan - second Monday in January - 'Seijin no hi'
- SNOW FESTIVAL - Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God
- VASANT PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of Spring and of Saraswati, Goddess of Learning (end of January)
- PONGAL AND MAKARA SANKRANTI, mid-January, Harvest festival celebrated in Southern India and Singapore
- LAILAT AL MIRAJ Muslim Festival celebrating ascent of Muhammad into Heaven
- JAPANESE NEW YEAR - 3 day festival
- LOHRI, the Hindu Bonfire Festival, celebrated early January
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