Born On This Day:
- Louis XI France, 1423
- Edward Young (baptised), 1683
- Robert Adam, 1728
- George M. Cohan, 1878
- Franz Kafka, 1883
- George Sanders, 1906
- M. F. K. Fisher, 1908
- Stavros Niarchos, 1909
- Dorothy Kilgallen, 1913
- Ken Russell, 1927
- Pete Fountain, 1930
- Oleg Popov, 1930
- David Shire, 1937
- Tom Stoppard, 1937
- Geraldo Rivera, 1943
- Betty Buckley, 1947
- Dave Barry, 1947
- Montel Williams, 1956
- Tom Cruise, 1962
- Julian Assange, 1971
Died On This Day:
- James (the admirable) Crichton, 1582
- Marie de Medici Queen of France, 1642
- Theodore Herzl, 1904
- Joel Chandler Harris, 1908
- Brian Jones OD, 1969
- Jim Morrison OD, 1971
- R. Buckminster Fuller, 1983
- Rudy Vallee, 1986
- Jim Backus, 1989
- Don Drysdale, 1993
- Lew Hoad, 1994
- Pancho Gonzales, 1995
- Andy Griffith, 2012
- AD 323 - Constantine the Great defeats Licinius at the Battle of Adrianople.
- 1608 - Settlement of Quebec by Samuel de Champlain who gave it its name.
- 1754 - First battle in French and Indian War; Lt. Col. George Washington vs. Coulon de Villiers.
- 1775 - George Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass.
- 1778 - Wyoming massacre by Indians in Pennsylvania
- 1792 - Anne Leclerc becomes the first female victim of the guillotine executed for being caught holding stolen objects.
- 1863 - Battle of Gettysburg ends, Confederates (under Robert E. Lee) retreat back to Virginia.
- 1880 - Science Magazine first published with features on the potential of electric trains and teaching kids about animal brains.
- 1884 - New Linotype machine begins grinding out newspapers at New York Tribune.
- 1884 - Mr. Dow and Mr. Jones publish their first average of US stocks in Customer's Afternoon Letter.
- 1890 - Idaho becomes 43rd State to enter Union.
- 1900 - First flight in rigid airship by Count von Zeppelin.
- 1916 - Lawrence 'Chubby' Woodman invents the Ipswich fried clam near Boston's North Shore before noon.
- 1928 - John Logie Baird demonstrates first colour television transmission in London.
- 1938 - London and north Eastern Railway's Mallard sets speed record for locomotives at 126mph.
- 1952 - King Farouk I of Egypt deposed by military coup d'etat led by General Neguib.
- 1962 - Algeria becomes independent from France.
- 1976 - Israeli commandoes free 105 hostages held by pro-Palestinians at Entebbe Airport, Uganda.
- 1981 - First newspaper report on new rare 'cancer' infecting 41 homosexuals (AIDS); NY Times, page 20.
- 1988 - Navy cruiser USS Vincennes shoots down Iranian passenger jet in Persian Gulf; 290 die.
- 2013 - Egypt President Mohammed Morsi forced out of power by Gen. Abdel Fallah Al-Sisi; hundreds of demonstrating Morsi supporters killed by military in subsequent weeks.
- 2014 - Dow Jones Industrial Average leaps to over 17,000 for the first time, 17,068 actually!
- 2014 - Standard & Poor's 500 index closes at an all-time high of 1973.32.
- 2016 - Sunday in Baghdad near end of Holy Ramadan: ISIS car bomb explodes in middle class neighbourhood killing more than 250.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Leo II (died today in A.D. 683)
- Aaron & Julius
- Bernadine Realino (Januarius) (died today in A.D. 305)
- Irenaeus of Lyon (died today in A.D. 202)
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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