Born On This Day:
- Captain James Cook, 1728
- Niccolo Paganini, 1782
- Teddy Roosevelt, 1858
- Emily Post, 1872
- Enid Bagnold, 1889
- Freddy De Cordova, 1910
- Leif Erickson, 1911
- Dylan Thomas, 1914
- Teresa Wright, 1918
- Nanette Fabray, 1920
- Roy Lichtenstein, 1923
- Ruby Dee, 1924
- Bob Haldeman, 1926
- Clio Laine, 1927
- Sylvia Plath, 1932
- David and Frederick Barclay, 1934
- John Cleese, 1939
- John Gotti, 1940
- Carrie Snodgrass, 1946
- Fran Lebowitz, 1950
- Jayne Kennedy, 1951
- Simon LeBon, 1958
- Marla Maples, 1963
- Kelly Osbourrne, 1984
Died On This Day:
- Athelstan King of English, AD 940
- Czar Ivan III the Great of Russia , 1505
- Rex Stout, 1975
- James M. Cain, 1977
- Jacques Demy, 1990
- Ugo Tognazzi, 1990
- Xavier Cugat, 1990
- Lou Reed, 2013
- AD 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge, also known as Saxa Rubra in the Roman Empire Wars.
- 1682 - William Penn lands in New World to claim territory granted by Britain; later named Pennsylvania.
- 1775 - U.S. Navy established by Continental Congress.
- 1787 - The Federalist, political essays by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and others first published.
- 1795 - Treaty of San Lorenzo between U.S. and Spain settles boundary with Florida.
- 1798 - French attempt to invade Ireland fails.
- 1806 - Berlin occupied by French under Napoleon.
- 1810 - President Madison announces annexation of western Florida from Spain.
- 1858 - Rowland Hussey Macy's fancy goods store opens for business on 6th Avenue at 14th St., New York.
- 1878 - $3 million stolen by gang led by George L. 'Western' Leslie from Manhattan Savings in New York.
- 1904 - IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit) is first rapid transit subway in New York; opens to public at 7 p.m.
- 1917 - Violinist Jascha Heifetz makes first U.S. appearance at Carnegie Hall, NY.
- 1920 - KDKA, Pittsburgh, becomes first radio station in America granted license.
- 1922 - Rise of fascism in Italy. Fascists seize Rome.
- 1944 - U.S. Navy defeats Japanese at Leyte, Philippines Islands. WWII.
- 1954 - Walt Disney's first television show goes on the air.
- 1954 - Marilyn Monroe divorces Joe Dimaggio.
- 1961 - U.S. and Soviet tanks face each other across Checkpoint Charlie, Berlin. Soviets back down.
- 1997 - Stocks freefall on Wall Street reacting to Hong Kong meltdown; record loss of 554.2 points on Dow.
- 2005 - Civil riots begin in Clichy-sous-Bois in France mainly spread across country; state of emergency starts 8 November for 3 months.
- 2018 - Deadliest antisemitic attack in US history as 11 worshipers shot dead at Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, PA
Feast Day of Saint:
- Otteran or Odhran of Iona
- Frumentius of Ethiopia
- Navy Day in the USA
- Independence Day in St. Vincent and The Grenadines
- CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
- DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
- PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
- LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
- CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
- DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
- BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
- RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
- CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
- COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
- DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
- MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
- THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October
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