Born On This Day:
- A.J. Balfour, 1848
- David Belasco, 1853
- Maxfield Parrish, 1870
- Francois Coty, 1875
- Elizabeth Queen of Belgians, 1876
- Walter Brennan, 1894
- Eric Hoffer, 1902
- Jack Gilford, 1907
- Woody Strode, 1914
- Estelle Getty, 1924
- Adnan Khashoggi, 1935
- Iman, 1955
- Matt LeBlanc, 1967
Died On This Day:
- James the Greater, AD 44
- Emperor Constantius I of Rome, AD 306
- Pope Innocent VIII, 1492
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1834
- Francois Coty, 1934
- Vincente Minnelli, 1986
- Mildred Dunnock, 1991
- Alfred Drake, 1992
- Charlie Rich, 1995
- Ben Hogan, 1997
- John Schlesinger, 2003
- Michael Cacoyannis, 2011
- 1139 - Moors defeated by Alfonso I of Portugal.
- 1554 - Queen Mary I of England marries Philip II of Spain in Winchester.
- 1775 - Captain Cook returns to England after second voyage-Sandwich Islands discovered.
- 1799 - Napoleon's last victory during occupation of Egypt kills 12,000 at Battle of Abouker.
- 1814 - First steam locomotive built by George Stevenson.
- 1832 - First railroad accident in America occurs in Quincy, Mass.
- 1854 - Walter Hunt of New York receives patent on the paper collar.
- 1866 - David Farragut becomes the first naval officer to become an admiral.
- 1866 - Ulysses S. Grant appointed first General of the U.S. Army (as opposed to Continental, etc.)
- 1888 - World's first typing contest held in Cincinnati; court stenographer Frank McGurrin wins on QWERTY.
- 1909 - Louis Bleriot first to fly across English Channel in airplane; flies Calais to Dover at 1,000 feet.
- 1917 - Mata Hari sentenced to death for espionage.
- 1943 - Mussolini removed from office and arrested; new Italian government formed.
- 1956 - Italian liner Andrea Doria sinks after colliding with Swedish ship Stockholm off New England Coast. 51 dead.
- 1959 - First Hovercraft crosses English Channel.
- 1960 - Woolworth lunch counters opened to all races following 2/1/60 sit-in by four Black college students.
- 1975 - 'A Chorus Line' opens record 6,137 performance run on Broadway at the Shubert Theatre.
- 1978 - World's first test-tube baby engineered by Dr. Patrick Steptoe, Louise Brown, born in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England.
- 1984 - Svetlana Savitskaya becomes first woman to walk in space.
- 1994 - 46 year state of war between Israel and Jordan ends in White House ceremony with Hussein & Rabin.
- 2000 - First Concorde air disaster; charter flight crashes on take-off from Charles de Gaulle airport.
- 2007 - Pratibha Patil, formerly first woman Governor of Rajasthan, becomes first woman President of India.
Feast Day of Saint:
- James the Greater
- Pardon of Saint Anne d'Auray in France
- Constitution Day in Puerto Rico (1952)
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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