Born On This Day:
- Simon Bolivar, 1783
- Alexander Dumas (pere), 1802
- Franz Wedekind, 1864
- Lord Dunsany, 1878
- Robert Graves, 1895
- Amelia Earhart, 1898
- Bella Abzug, 1920
- Alexander H. Cohen, 1920
- Peter Yates, 1929
- Pat Oliphant, 1935
- Ruth Buzzi, 1936
- Robert Hays, 1947
- Michael Richards, 1949
- Lynda Carter, 1951
- Karl Malone, 1963
- Barry Bonds, 1964
- Jennifer Lopez, 1970
- Anna Paquin, 1982
Died On This Day:
- St. Simeon the Stylite, AD 459
- Don Carlos (Spain), 1568
- Martin Van Buren, 1862
- Sacha Guitry, 1957
- Constance Bennett, 1965
- Peter Sellers, 1980
- Isaac Bashevis Singer, 1991
- William Brennan, 1997
- Tiny Rowland, 1998
- Sherman Hemsley, 2012
- 1534 - Explorer Jacques Cartier lands in Canada and claims it for France.
- 1567 - 1 year-old James VI becomes King of Scotland on abdication of mother, Mary Queen of Scots.
- 1701 - Detroit settlement established by Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac who claims it for Louis XIV of France.
- 1704 - Gibralter taken by the British.
- 1799 - Napoleon defeats Turks at Aboukir.
- 1837 - Indian post office established.
- 1847 - Brigham Young names territory 'State of Desert.' Later, US government changes it to Utah.
- 1847 - Brigham Young and 143 followers fleeing from persecution in Iowa reach the Great Salt Lake.
- 1910 - The stories of Paul Bunyon first published in the Detroit News Tribune.
- 1911 - Archaeologist Hiram Bingham discovers Machu Picchu, Lost City of the Incas.
- 1915 - Excursion steamship 'Eastland' sinks in Chicago River; 812 die.
- 1925 - John Scopes found guilty in 'Monkey Trial' and fined $100 for teaching evolution in Dayton TN.
- 1946 - U.S. explodes first underwater atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll.
- 1954 - Voice bounced off moon: James Trexler speaks at US Naval Research Lab and bounce back 21/2 secs.
- 1969 - Apollo XI returns to earth after historic moon landing.
- 1989 - Time Inc. merges with Warner Communications; Time Warner Inc. born 5:01 p.m. (EDT).
- 2009 - U.S. minimum wage rises to $7.25 per hour from $6.55.
- 2011 - Gay marriages now legal in New York State, the sixth state after VT, NH, CT, IA and MA; 823 same-sex couples wed.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Pioneer Day in Utah commemorating Mormons arrival
- Simon Boliver's birthday celebrated in Venezuela
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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