Born On This Day:
- Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne, AD 742
- Casanova, 1725
- Hans Christian Andersen, 1805
- Émile Zola, 1840
- Walter Percy Chrysler, 1875
- Max Ernst, 1891
- Sir Alec Guinness, 1914
- Buddy Ebsen, 1918
- Jack Webb, 1920
- Kenneth Tynan, 1927
- Carmen Basilio, 1927
- Serge Gainsborough, 1928
- Marvin Gaye, 1939
- Leon Russell, 1941
- Linda Hunt, 1945
- Camille Paglia, 1947
- Emmylou Harris, 1948
Died On This Day:
- Saint Francis of Paola, 1507
- Samuel F.B. Morse, 1872
- Hermann Rorschach, 1922
- Georges Pompidou, 1974
- Buddy Rich, 1987
- Betty Furness, 1994
- Pope John Paul II, 2005
- Winnie Mandela, 2018
- 1513 - Explorer Juan Ponce de Léon lands at future site of St. Augustine Florida and claims it for Spain.
- 1792 - U.S. Mint established in Philadelphia, PA as Congress passes the Coinage Act. E Pluribus Unum.
- 1799 - Manhattan Company chartered, which became oldest bank in USA- Chase Manhattan.
- 1801 - British destroy Danish fleet at the Battle of Copenhagen; Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson leads British Navy.
- 1810 - Napoleon Bonaparte marries 2nd wife- Marie Louise, daughter of Austrian Emperor Francis I.
- 1860 - First Italian parliament meets in Turin.
- 1877 - First Easter egg roll at the Capitol grounds, Washington, D.C. President Rutherford B. Hayes rolls.
- 1889 - Process for reducing aluminum by electrolysis patented by Charles Martin Hall.
- 1902 - First West coast cinema opens-'The Electric Theatre,' a tented circus on S. Main, Los Angeles.
- 1912 - Nabisco company announces intention to market new type cookie, the Oreo.
- 1930 - Haile Selassie proclaimed Emperor of Ethiopia.
- 1939 - Official end of the Spanish Civil War.
- 1946 - British Royal Military Academy established at Sandhurst.
- 1951 - NATO Allied Command, Europe, comes into being.
- 1956 - CBS TV debuts two 30-minute daytime soap operas - "As the World Turns" and "The Edge of Night."
- 1958 - San Francisco columnist Herb Caen coins the word 'beatnick' referring to freeloaders.
- 1958 - Tornado measured at 286mph recorded in Wichita Falls, Texas.
- 1978 - 'Dallas,' primetime television soap opera starring Larry Hagman premieres on CBS Television.
- 1982 - Argentine troops land on Falkland Islands and overpower British Marines.
- 1987 - $2,126,646 paid for 19.7 carat emerald at Sotheby's, Geneva; engagement ring of Edward VII.
- 1992 - John Gotti, the "Teflon Don," so-called because of his ability to avoid prosecution, finally convicted of murder and racketeering.
- 2015 - Al-Shabaab terrorists shoot 148 people, mostly students, at Garissa University College in Kenya.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Mary the Egyptian
- Francis of Paola (died today in 1507)
- PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
- PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
- MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
- GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
- EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the veral equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches;
- EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
- CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
- NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
- BAISAKHI (in India) or VOISHU (in Kerala) or BOHAG BIHU (in Assam) - (Hindu New Year Festival)
- VESAK (Commemoration of birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha) celebrated Southeast Asia.
- MOTHER'S DAY (U.S.), second Sunday in May
- FESTIVAL OF JOAN OF ARC in France, second Sunday in May
- MEMORIAL DAY (U.S.), Last Monday in May
- MAHAVIR JAYANTI, Indian festival celebrating birth of Lord Mahavira, celebrated early April
- AKSHAYA TRITIYA, Hindu Festival, celebrated late April
- DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME - begins first Sunday in April - clocks forward
- Arbor Day - last Friday in April
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