2 FEBRUARY
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • King James I of Aragon, 1208
  • Nell Gwyn, 1650
  • Prince Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, 1754
  • Havelock Ellis, 1859
  • Solomon Guggenheim, 1861
  • Fritz Kreisler, 1875
  • James Joyce, 1882
  • Jascha Heifetz, 1901
  • Ayn Rand, 1905
  • Cal Tinney, 1908
  • Abba Eban, 1915
  • Liz Smith, 1923
  • James Dickey, 1923
  • Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, 1926
  • Stan Getz, 1927
  • Elaine Stritch, 1928
  • Judith Viorst, 1931
  • Jane Wagner, 1935
  • Tom Smothers, 1937
  • David Jason, 1940
  • Graham Nash, 1942
  • Farrah Fawcett, 1947
  • Christie Brinkley, 1954
  • Garth Brooks, 1962

Died On This Day:

  • Gaston de France duc d'Orleans, 1660
  • Pope Clement XIII, 1769
  • John L. Sullivan, 1918
  • William Desmond Taylor murdered, 1922
  • Bertrand Russell, 1970
  • Jesse Royce Landis, 1972
  • Sid Vicious OD, 1979
  • Alistair MacLean, 1987
  • Bert Parks, 1992
  • Fred Perry, 1995
  • Donald Pleasence, 1995
  • Gene Kelly, 1996
  • Harold Brodkey AIDS, 1996
  • Philip Seymour Hoffman OD, 2014
  • Abe Vigoda, 2016
  • Bob Elliott, 2016

Today's Events:

  • 1491 - Army of York beats forces of Lancaster at Mortimer's Cross; War of the Roses.
  • 1536 - City of Buenos Aires in Argentina founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain.
  • 1602 - First performance of Twelfth Night by William Shakespeare at London's Middle Temple.
  • 1653 - New Amsterdam incorporated as a city (now New York).
  • 1659 - South African wine first made writes Jan Van Riebeeck, leader of Dutch settlers 7 yrs. after arrival.
  • 1802 - First leopard in America imported from Bengal, India, exhibited in Boston.
  • 1808 - French forces occupy Rome. Pius VII refuses to join Napoleon's Continental system.
  • 1811 - First Russian settlers land at Bodega Bay near San Francisco and establish Fort Ross fur-trading post.
  • 1848 - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican U.S. war and establishes Rio Grande as border.
  • 1852 - First public toilet for 'gents' opens at 95 Fleet Street London next to the Society of Art.
  • 1876 - National League of Professional Baseball formed in New York.
  • 1893 - First close-up in movie history shot in New Jersey - actor Fred P. Ott sneezing.
  • 1914 - Cub Scouts founded.
  • 1923 - Ethyl gasoline first goes on sale in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 1924 - The International Ski Federation (FIS) founded.
  • 1935 - Leonarde Keeler first uses his invention, the Keeler Polygraph, a lie detector, on two criminals who were later convicted in court.
  • 1940 - Frank Sinatra makes professional singing debut with the Tommy Dorsey orchestra in Indianapolis.
  • 1943 - Nazis surrender to Russian troops at Stalingrad. WWII
  • 1948 - New President Truman sends Congress first message ever on civil rights to stop discrimination.
  • 1980 - U.S. learns about FBI entrapment of 31 corrupt Senators and Congressmen in Abscam sting operation.
  • 2012 - 2011 sale of Cézanne's last painting of 'Card Players' revealed; $250 million paid by Qatar is double previous world record price for a painting.
  • 2018 - After Donald Trump's State of the Union speech in which he claims credit for economic rise, Dow Jones dumps 665 points - worst week in two years.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Joan de Lestonnac

Holiday:

  • Candlemas
  • Presentation of Infant Christ in Temple celebrated in Greece (40th day after birth)
  • Groundhog Day (since 1887)
  • Dia de la Candelaria in Mexico

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • TU BI-SHEBAT (Judaism) New Year for Trees, celebrated on 15th of lunar month Shebat.
  • PRESIDENT'S DAY 3rd Monday in February observing births of Washington & Lincoln
  • SHROVE TUESDAY (or Fat Tuesday). Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fasnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany and Austria, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S., Street Urchins' Carnival in Denmark & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
  • ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
  • PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
  • HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring and Vernal Fire)
  • HOLA MOHALLA, Sikh Festival celebrated in India
  • LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
  • SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
  • CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
  • MAHA SHIVARATRI, Hindu Festival of the Night of Shiva, celebrated mid-February
  • TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
  • CHINESE NEW YEAR celebrated all over the world in February
  • SUPER BOWL SUNDAY - first Sunday in February from 2004

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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