19 MARCH
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Tobias Smollett, 1721
  • Nikolay Gogol, 1809
  • David Livingstone, 1813
  • Sir Richard Burton, 1821
  • Wyatt Earp, 1848
  • William Jennings Bryan, 1860
  • Max Reger, 1873
  • Josef Albers, 1888
  • Earl Warren, 1891
  • Moms Mabley, 1894
  • Jo Mielziner, 1901
  • Albert Speer, 1905
  • Adolf Eichmann, 1906
  • Irving Wallace, 1916
  • Brent Snowcroft, 1925
  • Patrick McGoohan, 1928
  • Ornette Coleman, 1930
  • Philip Roth, 1933
  • Phyllis Newman, 1935
  • Ursula Andress, 1936
  • Sirhan Sirhan, 1944
  • Ruth Pointer, 1946
  • Glenn Close, 1947
  • Bruce Willis, 1955

Died On This Day:

  • King William III Prince of Orange, 1702
  • Thomas Bailey Aldrich, 1907
  • A. J. Balfour, 1930
  • Frank Nitti suicide, 1943
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs, 1950
  • Anne Klein, 1974
  • Willem de Kooning, 1997
  • John DeLorean, 2005
  • Arthur C. Clarke, 2008
  • Paul Scofield, 2008

Today's Events:

  • 721 BC - First recorded lunar eclipse in Babylon as described by Roman historian Ptolemy.
  • 1279 - Song Dynasty ends in China as Mongols win Battle of Yamen.
  • 1497 - Portuguese royal court revokes order to expel Jews; force conversion to Christianity of thousands.
  • 1644 - 200 members of Peking imperial family and courtiers commit mass suicide.
  • 1778 - First record of swallows returning to Capistrano.
  • 1796 - Freedom of the press comes to France.
  • 1822 - Boston incorporated as a city.
  • 1831 - First U.S. bank robbery-City Bank of N.Y. robbed of $245,000 by Edward Smith.
  • 1853 - Taiping rebels under Hong Xiu Quan take Nanking defeating Manchu Qing dynasty.
  • 1859 - First performance in Paris of opera 'Faust'.
  • 1861 - End of the Maori War in New Zealand.
  • 1877 - Australia beats England by 45 runs in first Test Match.
  • 1913 - Mussorgsky's 'Boris Gudunov' opens at Metropolitan Opera, NY-39 years after Russian premiere.
  • 1916 - First US air combat mission - 8 Curtiss Jenny planes leave Columbus NM in pursuit of Pancho Villa.
  • 1920 - US Senate votes against joining League of Nations.
  • 1931 - State of Nevada legalizes gambling to ease hard times of the Great Depression.
  • 1932 - Sydney (Australia) Harbour Bridge opens.
  • 1937 - Gas explosion at a New London, Texas schoolhouse blows up 425 students and teachers.
  • 1944 - Nazis forces occupy Hungary, immediately putting anti-Jewish laws in place.
  • 1953 - First Academy Awards to be broadcast on television on NBC live from Pantages Theater, Hollywood; "From Here to Eternity" wins 8 Oscars.
  • 2000 - Uganda doomsday cult commits mass suicide in a church in Kanungu. Over 1,000 dead.
  • 2011 - French and British coalition forces attack Gaddafi loyalists in Libya after the United Nations approves No Fly Zone and foreign intervention.
  • 2018 - Entire species of Northern White Rhinos is now extinct as last one dies in Kenya.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Joseph

Holiday:

  • Feast of St. Joseph celebrated in Valencia, Spain
  • Canberra Day in Australia

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • SHROVE TUESDAY. Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fastnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S. & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
  • ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
  • PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
  • HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring), celebrated early March
  • LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
  • SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
  • CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
  • TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
  • PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
  • PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
  • MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
  • GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
  • LAILAT AL-QADR, I'D AL-FITR & IDU'L FITAR, Muslim Festivals
  • EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches
  • CHING MING FESTIVAL & QING MING (Singapore), All Souls Day in Far East
  • NOTE; EASTER is also called Ostern in Germany and Switzerland, Pasqua in Italy, Pascua Florida or Domingo de Gloria in Spain, Pâques in France, Velykos in Lithuania, Wielkanoc in Polish, Pasha in Greece, Påske in Norway, Påskdagen in Sweden, Zadig in Armenia, Paschen in The Netherlands, Paschoa in Portugal,
  • EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
  • RAMA-NAVAMI, Hindu Festival of Rama, celebrated at the end of March
  • CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
  • NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
  • COMMONWEALTH DAY in Britain Second Monday in March
  • MOTHERING SUNDAY - fourth Sunday of Lent celebrated in England

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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