Born On This Day:
- Philip the Bold, 1342
- Saint/Pope Pius V, 1504
- Pedro Calderon, 1600
- Benjamin Franklin, 1706
- Konstantin Stanislavsky, 1863
- David Lloyd George, 1863
- Mack Sennett, 1880
- Compton MacKenzie, 1883
- Robert Maynard Hutchins, 1899
- Nevil Shute, 1899
- Al Capone, 1899
- Betty White, 1924
- Newton Minow, 1926
- Moira Shearer, 1926
- Vidal Sassoon, 1928
- James Earl Jones, 1931
- Douglas Wilder, 1931
- Don Zimmer, 1931
- Shari Lewis, 1934
- Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay), 1942
- Francoise Hardy, 1944
- Andy Kaufman, 1949
- David Caruso, 1956
- Jim Carrey, 1962
- Michelle Obama (né Robinson), 1964
Died On This Day:
- Emperor Theodosius I, AD 395
- Lola Montez, 1861
- Chang & Eng (Siamese Twins), 1874
- Rutherford B. Hayes, 1893
- Sir Ernest Benn, 1954
- Patrice Lamumba, 1961
- T.H. White, 1964
- Gary Gilmore executed, 1977
- Doodles Weaver suicide, 1983
- King Olav V of Norway, 1991
- Barbara Jordan, 1996
- Richard Crenna, 2003
- Zhao Ziyang, 2005
- Virginia Mayo, 2005
- Art Buchwald, 2007
- Bobby Fischer, 2008
- Erich Segal, 2010
- Abigail Van Buren, 2013
- 1746 - Battle of Falkirk in which Bonnie Prince Charlie and Highlanders taste brief victory.
- 1773 - Captain Cook's ship 'Resolution' with 193 man crew first in history to cross Antarctic circle.
- 1775 - Richard Brindsley Sheridan's 'The Rivals' opens at Covent Garden Theatre.
- 1861 - Flush toilet patented in England by Thomas Crapper.
- 1893 - Queen Liliuokalani deposed as Queen of Hawaiian Islands in revolt of businessmen and sugar planters.
- 1899 - U.S. takes possession of Wake Island.
- 1902 - World's first weekly book review first published in London - Times Literary Supplement.
- 1904 - Anton Chekhov's play 'The Cherry Orchard' opens in Moscow.
- 1917 - U.S. purchase of the Virgin Islands from Denmark ratified; U.S. pays $25 million.
- 1921 - Chaplin's 'The Kid' premieres.
- 1944 - First jazz concert at N.Y. Metropolitan Opera.
- 1950 - $2.7 million stolen from Brinks headquarters in Boston by 11 man gang.
- 1966 - American B52 bomber with 4 atom bombs crashes off coast of Spain.
- 1969 - First release of an album by pop group Led Zeppelin.
- 1983 - Breakfast TV comes to Britain.
- 1991 - U.S. bombs Baghdad; Operation Desert Storm against Iraq's Saddam Hussein's seizure of Kuwait.
- 1994 - 6.8 Northridge earthquake at 4:31 a.m. in San Fernando Valley is costliest disaster in U.S. history.
- 1995 - 7.2 earthquake near Kobe, Japan at 5:46 a.m. kills 6,433, destroys 3,000 buildings.
- 2015 - A record six million gather in Manila to greet Pope Francis.
- 2018 - Dow Jones slides over 26,000 a mere 13 days after hitting 25,000.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Day the Pagans sacrificed swine to the Earth Goddess
- Day of St. Anthony the Abbot in Mexico & Spain
- Constitution Day in Philippines
- Liberation Day in Poland
- Bonten Festival in Japan
- YÜAN TAN. Chinese New Year's Day. Based on lunar calendar - starts sunset on day of 2nd New Moon.
- CHINESE LANTERN FESTIVAL 15th day of first month of lunar calendar marks end of Chinese New Year.
- TU BI-SHEBAT (Judaism) New Year for Trees, celebrated on 15th of lunar month Shebat.
- MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY 3rd Monday in January
- ADULTS DAY in Japan - second Monday in January - 'Seijin no hi'
- SNOW FESTIVAL - Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God
- VASANT PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of Spring and of Saraswati, Goddess of Learning (end of January)
- PONGAL AND MAKARA SANKRANTI, mid-January, Harvest festival celebrated in Southern India and Singapore
- LAILAT AL MIRAJ Muslim Festival celebrating ascent of Muhammad into Heaven
- JAPANESE NEW YEAR - 3 day festival
- LOHRI, the Hindu Bonfire Festival, celebrated early January
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