Born On This Day:
- Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1723
- Camille Corot, 1796
- Mary Baker Eddy, 1821
- Roald Amundsen, 1872
- Barbara Stanwyck, 1907
- Orville Redenbacher, 1907
- Ginger Rogers, 1911
- Barnard Hughes, 1915
- Guy Laroche, 1921
- Bess Myerson, 1924
- Anita Brookner, 1928
- Margaret Court, 1942
- Ruben Blades, 1948
- Pinchas Zuckerman, 1948
- Stewart Copeland, 1952
- Michael Flatley, 1958
- Will Ferrell, 1967
Died On This Day:
- Pope Innocent III, 1216
- Anne of Cleves, 1557
- Mary Todd Lincoln, 1882
- Hilaire Belloc, 1953
- Harry Chapin, 1981
- Herbert von Karajan, 1989
- Mayor Frank Rizzo, 1991
- Robert Motherwell, 1991
- John F. Kennedy Jr. Killed, 1999
- Jo Stafford, 2008
- Johnny Winter, 2014
- AD 622 - Moslem era begins as Mohammed and followers flee from Mecca to Medina. (Trad.)
- 1548 - City of La Paz in Bolivia founded.
- 1625 - A bill of lading from a 17th century Dutch ship written today is the oldest surviving document from New Amsterdam.
- 1769 - Father Junipero Serra dedicates and blesses first California Mission for Indians near San Diego.
- 1773 - First gathering of Methodists in America in Philadelphia.
- 1790 - District of Columbia established by U.S. Congress.
- 1867 - Reinforced concrete patented by Frenchman Joseph Monier of Paris.
- 1926 - First color underwater photographs taken off Tortuga; to be published in National Geographic.
- 1935 - World's first parking meter installed at Oklahoma City.
- 1942 - French police mass arrest 13,000 Jews to deport to Nazi death camps; 76,000 eventually deported.
- 1945 - First atomic bomb detonated at 5:29 A.M. at Jornada del Muerto near Alamogordo, NM.
- 1951 - Leopold III, King of Belgians, abdicates.
- 1952 - Korean veterans granted benefits in G.I. Bill of Rights.
- 1956 - Last performance of Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Circus under a tent; show goes to arenas.
- 1969 - Apollo XI starring Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins launched-men to walk on moon.
- 1990 - Phllippines Islands rocked by giant 7.7 earthquake; 2,000 dead or missing.
- 1994 - 100,000 mph giant comet collides with Jupiter in the biggest cosmic explosion ever witnessed.
- 1994 - Tenors Pavarotti, Carreras and Domingo in largest concert in history-1.3 billion home viewers.
- 1995 - Amazon.com website goes live - Earth's Biggest Bookstore.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Mary-Magdelen Postel
- Gion Matsuri 9 day Shinto Festival in Japan celebrated in Kyoto
- Festival of the Madonna of Carmine in Italy
- La Paz Day in Bolivia
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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