Born On This Day:
- Catherine of Aragon, 1485
- Ludwig van Beethoven, 1770
- Jane Austen, 1775
- King Leopold I of the Belgians, 1790
- George Santayana, 1863
- Noel Coward, 1899
- V. S. Pritchett, 1900
- Margaret Mead, 1901
- Arthur C. Clarke, 1917
- James McCracken, 1926
- Liv Ullmann, 1939
- Lesley Stahl, 1941
- Steven Bochco, 1943
- Ben Cross, 1947
- William 'Refrigerator' Perry, 1962
- Benjamin Bratt, 1963
Died On This Day:
- Pepin II of the Franks, AD 714
- Wilhelm Carl Grimm, 1859
- Camille Saint-Saens, 1921
- Thelma Todd, 1935
- Glenn Miller killed, 1944
- William Somerset Maugham, 1965
- Colonel Harlan Sanders, 1980
- Big Paul Castellano murdered, 1985
- Silvana Mangano, 1989
- Lee Van Cleef, 1989
- Nathan Milstein, 1992
- Moses Gunn, 1993
- Dan Fogelberg, 2007
- Roy Disney, 2009
- Nicol Williamson, 2011
- Keely Smith, 2017
- 1431 - 10 year-old Henry VI crowned King of France.
- 1631 - Mount Vesuvius erupts again; 18,000 killed.
- 1653 - Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
- 1773 - Boston Tea Party begins U.S. War of Independence-342 chests of tea dumped in Boston harbor.
- 1809 - Napoleon divorces Josephine.
- 1811 - Huge earthquake in New Madrid, Missouri is felt 1,100 miles away in Boston.
- 1835 - Fire in New York. 600 buildings demolished.
- 1838 - Boers crush Zulu King Dingaan, kill 3,000 at Battle of Blood River, Natal.
- 1877 - Anton Bruckner's Third Symphony in D has a disastrous premiere in Vienna; audience boos.
- 1879 - Transvaal Republic founded under Marthinius Pretorius-South Africa born.
- 1893 - Dvorak's New World Symphony premieres at Carnegie Hall, NY.
- 1920 - Landslide in Kansu Province, China, kills 180,000.
- 1944 - Battle of Ardennes. Battle of the Bulge, last major German offensive begins. WWII
- 1947 - At Bell Labs in Murray Hill NJ, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain invent the transistor.
- 1953 - Chuck Yeager sets new airborne speed record flying Bell X-1A rocket-fueled plane 1,600 mph.
- 1954 - Commercially successful synthetic diamonds produced for the first time by Tracy Hall of General Electric.
- 1954 - Agatha Christie's 'Witness for the Prosecution' starts 645 performance run on Broadway.
- 1965 - Pioneer 6 satellite launched; expected to burn out in six months - still going after 18 billion miles.
- 1973 - O. J. Simpson becomes first pro football player to rush more than 2,000 yards in one season.
- 1997 - Record wind speed measured at Guam - 236 mph - during Typhoon Paka.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Adelaide (died today in A.D. 999)
- Eusebius of Vercelli
- Dingaans Day (South Africa)
- The Posadas, nine days of Christmas, begins in Mexico
- ADVENT SUNDAY, Sunday nearest to feast of Saint Andrew (Nov. 30) whether before or after.
- CHANUKKA (Jewish Feast of Lights), eight day holiday beginning on 25th day of lunar month Kislev.
- TSAO CHÜN, Festival of the Kitchen God in China (23rd day of the twelfth moon (or 24th in Kwantung)
- CH'U HSI, Night of the Thirtieth (29th day of the twelfth moon)
- KWANZAA - African American Heritage celebrated December 26 - January 1
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