Born On This Day:
- James McNeill Whistler, 1834
- Emmeline Pankhurst, 1858
- Gustav Klimt, 1862
- Gustav Klimt, 1862
- Ken Murray, 1903
- Irving Stone, 1903
- Isaac Bashevis Singer, 1904
- Terry-Thomas, 1911
- Woody Guthrie, 1912
- Gerald Ford, 1913
- Jerome Lawrence, 1915
- Douglas Edwards, 1917
- Arthur Laurents, 1918
- Ingmar Bergman, 1918
- John Chancellor, 1927
- Polly Bergen, 1930
- Roosevelt (Rosie) Grier, 1932
- Jerry Rubin, 1938
- Joel Silver, 1952
Died On This Day:
- Philip II Augustus (France), 1223
- Madame Germaine de Stael, 1817
- Alfred Krupp, 1887
- Paul Kruger, 1904
- King Faisal Iraq murdered, 1958
- Adlai Stevenson, 1965
- Dr. Ernst Wynder, 1999
- 1223 - Louis VIII becomes King of France on the death of his dad, Philip II Augustus.
- 1789 - Destruction of the Bastille in Paris by French peasants starts French Revolution.
- 1795 - 'The Marseillaise' composed by Rouget de Lisle becomes the French National Anthem.
- 1867 - Dynamite first demonstrated in a quarry in Redhill, Surrey, England by inventor Alfred Nobel.
- 1868 - Patent granted on the tape measure.
- 1891 - John T. Smith of Brooklyn N.Y. receives patent on manufacturing corkboard.
- 1902 - 1,104 year-old Campanile in St. Marks' Square, Venice, collapses.
- 1914 - Professor Robert H. Goddard of Worcester, Mass receives patent on liquid-fuel rocket.
- 1921 - Sacco and Vanzetti found guilty of murder despite contradictory evidence.
- 1930 - 2 years after US, BBC TV broadcasts first play 'The Man with a Flower in His Mouth' by Pirandello.
- 1933 - Popeye in cartoon debut as guest star of a Betty Boop cartoon called 'Popeye the Sailor.'
- 1951 - Citation becomes first horse to win $1 million in races at Hollywood Park, CA.
- 1965 - First close-up photos of planet Mars taken by Mariner IV.
- 1986 - Soviet spy Richard Miller becomes first FBI agent ever convicted of espionage.
- 2009 - Liberian warlord Charles Taylor takes the stand in his 18 month old trial for war crimes and crimes against humanity including rape, torture, cannibalism, sex slavery and mutilation of civilians.
- 2011 - Unfinished Jane Austen manuscript of a novel, "The Watsons," sold by Sotheby's London for £993,250.
- 2016 - Bastille Day in Nice, South of France: Large truck driven by Tunisian terrorist plows into celebrating crowds killing 84.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Phocas of Sinope (4th Century martyr)
- Nicodemus of Holy Mountain
- Ulric of Zell
- Bastille Day in France celebrates the French Revolution of 1789
- Nachi no Hi-Matsuri, fire festival in Japan
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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