Born On This Day:
- King Philip III Spain, 1578
- Christiaan Huygens, 1629
- James Branch Cabell, 1879
- Arnold Joseph Toynbee, 1889
- Rabbi Menachem Schneerson, 1902
- Sir John Gielgud, 1904
- 'Papa Doc' François Duvalier, 1907
- Richard Salant, 1914
- Rod Steiger, 1925
- Loretta Lynn, 1935
- Frank Serpico, 1936
- Pete Rose, 1939
- Julie Christie, 1940
- Ritchie Blackmore, 1945
- Anthony Michael Hall, 1968
- Sarah Michelle Gellar, 1977
- Abigail Breslin, 1996
Died On This Day:
- Pope Sergius III, AD 911
- Ernest Bevin, 1951
- Rachel Carson, 1964
- Michael Flanders, 1975
- Fredric March, 1975
- Simone de Beauvoir, 1986
- Burl Ives, 1995
- 1471 - Yorkists beat Lancastrians at Battle of Barnet; King Henry VI deposed.
- 1775 - First abolitionist society, Society for Relief of Free Negroes Held in Bondage, est. Benjamin Franklin.
- 1789 - George Washington notified by the Commerce Secretary that he had been voted President.
- 1828 - Noah Webster's dictionary published - American Dictionary of the English Language - first Yankee dictionary.
- 1849 - Hungary declares independence.
- 1861 - Battle of Fort Sumter ends after two days; only one casualty - an accidental rifle backfire. Civil War.
- 1865 - Abraham Lincoln shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theatre, Washington D.C at 10:15 p.m.
- 1894 - Thomas A. Edison opens first movie theatre ('peep show') at 1155 Broadway, NY; 5¢ admission.
- 1900 - World Exposition, largest World's Fair in history, opens in Paris; electricity big attraction.
- 1902 - First J.C. Penny store opens in Kemmerer, WY.
- 1910 - President William Howard Taft becomes first U.S. President to pitch a ball to open baseball season.
- 1912 - SS Titanic strikes an iceberg at 10:25 p.m. and starts sinking. First telegraph signal sent 11:00 pm.
- 1914 - Lt. Douglas Campbell becomes first American to shoot down German plane.
- 1918 - Marshal Ferdinand Foch becomes commander of Allied armies.
- 1921 - Largest snowfall on record - 76 inches in 24 hours at Silver Lake, CO.
- 1927 - First Volvo model, the OV4, nicknamed 'Jakob' rolls off the assembly line in Stockholm, Sweden.
- 1929 - Monaco Grand Prix first run.
- 1931 - Alfonso XIII King of Spain abdicates-fall of Spanish monarchy-republic proclaimed.
- 1944 - Cargo ship Fort Stikine explodes in Bombay harbor, 27 other ships sunk, 1500 die.
- 1956 - First video tape recorder demonstrated by Ampex Corporation.
- 1986 - U.S. planes bomb Libya in retaliation for their bombing Berlin disco and other terrorist acts.
- 2000 - Massive stock sell off sees Dow Jones falling record 616 points (-5.6%)
- 2014 - 276 young girls are kidnapped by Islamic militant group Boko Haram in Nigeria.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Lambert of Lyons
- Martyrs of Lithuania
- Valerius and Maximus
- Bernard of Tiron or Abbeville
- John of Vilna
- John and Eustace
- Pan American Day
- Hie Jinja Sanno Matsuri in Japan
- Birthday of Hanvman - monkey demigod of the Hindus, 3 day Shinto Festival begins in Japan
- PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
- PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
- MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
- GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
- EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the veral equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches;
- EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
- CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
- NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
- BAISAKHI (in India) or VOISHU (in Kerala) or BOHAG BIHU (in Assam) - (Hindu New Year Festival)
- VESAK (Commemoration of birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha) celebrated Southeast Asia.
- MOTHER'S DAY (U.S.), second Sunday in May
- FESTIVAL OF JOAN OF ARC in France, second Sunday in May
- MEMORIAL DAY (U.S.), Last Monday in May
- MAHAVIR JAYANTI, Indian festival celebrating birth of Lord Mahavira, celebrated early April
- AKSHAYA TRITIYA, Hindu Festival, celebrated late April
- DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME - begins first Sunday in April - clocks forward
- Arbor Day - last Friday in April
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