Born On This Day:
- Edward Plantagenet, Prince of Wales, 1453
- Lillie Langtry, 1853
- Harry Hershfield, 1885
- Herblock, 1909
- Art Tatum, 1910
- Temple Fielding, 1913
- Stuart Keate, 1913
- Cornel Wilde, 1915
- Burr Tillstrom, 1917
- Yves Montand, 1921
- Nipsey Russell, 1924
- Margaret Thatcher, 1925
- Lenny Bruce, 1925
- Jim Samuels, 1948
- Sammy Hagar, 1949
- Chris Carter, 1956
- Marie Osmond, 1959
- Sacha Baron Cohen, 1971
Died On This Day:
- Emperor Claudius murdered, AD 54
- King Maximilian I Bavaria, 1825
- Sir Henry Irving, 1905
- Milton Hershey, 1945
- Clifton Webb, 1966
- Ed Sullivan, 1974
- Douglas Edwards, 1990
- Beryl Reid, 1996
- Jean Peters, 2000
- Al Martino, 2009
- AD 54 - Emperor Claudius I is poisoned by his wife (and niece) Agrippina (mother of Nero) with mushrooms.
- 1307 - Pope & King of France in secret death warrants against 'the Knights Templar.' Fri 13th legend born.
- 1775 - Continental Congress authorizes first naval fleet of two cruisers.
- 1778 - First Masonic Grand Lodge organized at Williamsburg, VA.
- 1792 - Cornerstone laid on Executive Mansion, better known as The White House by President Geo Washington.
- 1843 - B'nai B'rith Jewish fraternal society founded in New York.
- 1857 - 'Panic of 1857' begins with depositors run on banks; 58 New York banks close their doors.
- 1860 - James W. Black takes America's first aerial photograph in a balloon 1200 feet above Boston.
- 1880 - Transvaal declares itself independent of Britain.
- 1884 - Greenwich, England adopted as universal meridian.
- 1905 - Emmeline Pankhurst holds first woman's suffragette meeting in London.
- 1924 - First political speech on BBC Radio in England - Labour Party Ramsey MacDonald's election broadcast.
- 1939 - Evelyn Pinckert Kilgore of Pomona, CA becomes first woman to get airplane instructor's license.
- 1943 - Italy declares war on its former Axis partner Germany. WWII
- 1944 - Greek patriots retake Athens; 3 1/2 year Nazi occupation ends. WWII
- 1955 - Poetry audience in San Francisco experiences first beat generation poetry: Allen Ginsberg's 'Howl.' 1962-Edward Albee's 'Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf' starts 664 performance run on Broadway.
- 1967 - Lyndon Johnson signs executive order barring sex discrimination in government.
- 1989 - Friday the 13th and Dow Jones industrials plummet 190 points - second biggest loss ever.
- 1997 - Andy Green driving jet British Thrust SuperSonic Car is first to break sound barrier in land vehicle.
- 2010 - 33 Chilean miners trapped for a record 69 days (since 5 August) are finally brought to the surface north of Copiapó in Northern Chile.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Gerald of Aurillac
- Edward the Confessor
- CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
- DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
- PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
- LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
- CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
- DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
- BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
- RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
- CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
- COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
- DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
- MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
- THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October
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