Born On This Day:
- Julius Caesar, 100 BC
- Josiah Wedgwood, 1730
- Henry David Thoreau, 1817
- Sir William Osler, 1849
- George Eastman, 1854
- Max Jacob, 1876
- Kirsten Flagstad, 1895
- Buckminster Fuller, 1895
- Oscar Hammerstein II, 1895
- Pablo Neruda, 1904
- Milton Berle, 1908
- Andrew Wyeth, 1917
- Vera Hruba Ralston, 1919
- Van Cliburn, 1934
- Bill Cosby, 1937
- John Lahr, 1941
- Christine McVie, 1943
- Richard Simmons, 1948
- Brian Grazer, 1951
- Kristi Yamaguchi, 1971
Died On This Day:
- Desiderius Erasmus, 1536
- William I (The Silent) Prince of Orange, 1584
- Alexander Hamilton, 1804
- Dolly Madison, 1849
- Charles Rolls, 1910
- Lon Chaney, Jr., 1973
- Ted Mack, 1976
- Minnie Riperton, 1979
- Kenneth More, 1982
- Josh Logan, 1988
- John Chancellor, 1996
- 1191 - Crusaders under Richard I (the Lionheart) victorious in the Siege of Acra, deadliest event of Third Crusade.
- 1543 - Henry VIII marries sixth and last wife Catherine Parr.
- 1561 - Russian Orthodox St. Basil's Cathedral consecrated in Red Square, Moscow.
- 1691 - William III defeats James II at Aghrim, Ireland.
- 1776 - Captain James Cook begins his last voyage from Plymouth during which he discovers Hawaiian Islands.
- 1799 - Political assassinations banned in Britain.
- 1831 - Belgium separated from Holland.
- 1859 - Patent on paper bag manufacturing machine granted to William Goodale of Clinton, Mass.
- 1862 - Congress creates the Congressional Medal of Honor (Civil War).
- 1878 - British take possession of Cyprus from Turkey.
- 1882 - America's first ocean pier has opening celebration at Atlantic City, NJ.
- 1957 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes first president to fly in a helicopter.
- 1962 - Musical group called Rolling Stones plays first gig ever at Marquee Club, London.
- 1967 - Race riots in Newark, New Jersey.
- 1967 - US Surgeon General Leroy E. Burney says US Public Health Service now believes smoking causes lung cancer.
- 1979 - Thousands riot at Comiskey Park, Chicago, and burn disco albums in protest against bad music.
- 1984 - Walter Mondale names Geraldine Ferraro first woman vice presidential running-mate.
- 2005 - World record price of £15.68 million paid for 14th Century Yuan Dynasty Chinese jar at Christie's, London.
Feast Day of Saint:
- John Gualberto
- Nabor and Felix
- John the Iberian
- Orangeman's day (Northern Ireland) celebrating Battle of Boyne (7/1)
- National Day in Sao Tome and Principe
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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