Born On This Day:
- John Calvin, 1509
- Camille Pissarro, 1830
- Finley Peter Dunne, 1867
- Marcel Proust, 1871
- John Gilbert, 1897
- Don (Mr. Wizard) Herbert, 1917
- David Brinkley, 1920
- Jake LaMotta, 1921
- Jean Kerr, 1923
- Fred Gwynne, 1926
- David Dinkins, 1927
- Jerry Herman, 1933
- Arthur Ashe, 1943
- Virginia Wade, 1945
- Arlo Guthrie, 1947
- Jessica Simpson, 1980
Died On This Day:
- Roman Emperor Hadrian, AD 138
- King Canute IV Denmark, 1086
- Henry II France, 1559
- Theodore II Russia, 1605
- Thomas Wedgewood, 1805
- Louis Daguerre, 1851
- Paul Morphy, 1884
- Jelly Roll Morton, 1941
- Lucien Pissarro, 1944
- Sholem Asch, 1957
- John D. Rockefeller III killed, 1978
- Arthur Fiedler, 1979
- Mel Blanc, 1989
- Roland Petit, 2011
- Omar Sharif, 2015
- 48 BC - Julius Caesar loses 1,000 men to Pompey's army at the Battle of Dyrrachium and flees to Thessaly.
- 1220 - London Bridge collapses during fire in which 3,000 die.
- 1460 - Yorkist defeat Lancastrians at Northampton and capture King Henry VI.
- 1553 - Lady Jane Grey crowned Queen of England; to reign for only nine days.
- 1790 - House of Representatives approves move of nation's capital from New York to Philadelphia.
- 1866 - Edson P. Clark receives patent on indelible pencil.
- 1890 - Wyoming becomes 44th state admitted to Union.
- 1900 - Paris Metro opens.
- 1925 - Soviet news agency Tass established.
- 1925 - Scopes 'Monkey Trial' begins; teacher charged with violating state law against teaching evolution.
- 1928 - First color motion pictures exhibited by George Eastman at Rochester, N.Y.
- 1940 - The Battle of Britain begins when 70 German bombers attack docks in South Wales; Luftwaffe bombs continue for 114 days.
- 1941 - Poles (not Nazis!) wipe out 1,600 Jews in farm village of Jedwabne.
- 1958 - First purges of the Chinese cultural revolution.
- 1962 - Telstar communications satellite launched making live TV transmissions across Atlantic possible.
- 1985 - Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior sabotaged and sunk in Auckland, N.Z harbor by French govt. agents.
- 1985 - Coca-Cola company brings back old Coke as Coke Classic to please critics of new formula.
- 2002 - Rubens 'Massacre of the Innocents' sells for all time record of £49.5 million at Sotheby's London.
- 2011 - The News of the World, Britain's best-selling 168 year-old Sunday paper, publishes last issue after phone hacking scandal scares off advertisers.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Antony of the Caves
- Alexander (and the six other sons of St. Felicity)
- Independence Day Bahamas (1973)
- Mongolia (1921)
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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