Born On This Day:
- Prince Otto von Bismarck, 1815
- Jim Fisk, 1834
- Edmond Rostand, 1868
- Serge Rachmaninoff, 1873
- Lon Chaney, 1883
- Wallace Beery, 1886
- Laurette Taylor, 1887
- Eddie Duchin, 1909
- Hans Conried, 1915
- Jan Kadar, 1918
- Toshiro Mifune, 1920
- William Manchester, 1922
- George Grizzard, 1928
- Jane Powell, 1929
- Debbie Reynolds, 1932
- Ali McGraw, 1939
- Rusty Staub, 1944
- David Eisenhower, 1947
- Susan Boyle, 1961
Died On This Day:
- Eleanor of Aquitaine, 1204
- Scott Joplin, 1917
- Ferenc Molnar, 1952
- Max Ernst, 1976
- Marvin Gaye shot, 1984
- Fibber McGee (Jim Jordan), 1988
- Martha Graham, 1991
- Bella Abzug, 1998
- Larry Tucker, 2001
- Carrie Snodgrass, 2004
- John Forsythe, 2010
- Steven Bochco, 2018
- 1621 - Pilgrims sign first peace treaty with Indians-Massasoit, war chief of the Wampanoags.
- 1806 - Britain declares war on Prussia after seizure of Hanover.
- 1853 - Firefighting first becomes a profession in Cincinnati. Salaries established for firemen.
- 1856 - Western Union founded.
- 1866 - Western Union buys U.S. Telegraph Company thereby becoming first American monopoly.
- 1891 - Wrigley chewing gum company founded in Chicago by William Wrigley Jr.
- 1904 - Henry Royce tests his first Rolls Royce.
- 1909 - Opium imports banned in America.
- 1918 - Killer flu outbreak in America; 1.5 million Americans to die; 20 million around world in pandemic.
- 1918 - Royal Air force formed in Britain; Royal Flying Corps incorporated into RAF.
- 1924 - Adolf Hitler sentenced to five years in jail for Munich beer hall putsch; becomes National hero.
- 1928 - First automatic changer for record players introduced.
- 1930 - 'Blue Angel,' starring Marlene Dietrich opens in Germany directed by Josef von Sternberg.
- 1933 - Nazis boycott all Jewish businesses in Germany; Jewish doctors prohibited from seeing patients.
- 1945 - Battle of Okinawa begins; biggest amphibious operation of Pacific War. WWII
- 1954 - U.S. Air Force Academy created.
- 1960 - First weather satellite launched in U.S.
- 1976 - Steven Jobs and Steve Wozniac found Apple Computer.
- 1979 - Members of Oxford Dangerous Sports Club first attach bungee cords and dive from bridge in Bristol.
- 1979 - Ayatollah Knomeini declares Iran to be an Islamic republic.
- 1998 - World record price for musical instrument - 1727 Stradivarius violin sold at Christies for £947,500.
- 2001 - Netherlands becomes the first country in the world to make same-sex marriages legal; 3 gay couples and a Lesbian couple are married by the Mayor of Amsterdam.
- 2005 - From today, children conceived from sperm donors in Britain will have the right to know their biological parent at age 18.
Feast Day of Saint:
- April Fool's Day (AKA All Fools Day)
- Day of Noah
- PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
- PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
- MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
- GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
- EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the veral equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches;
- EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
- CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
- NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
- BAISAKHI (in India) or VOISHU (in Kerala) or BOHAG BIHU (in Assam) - (Hindu New Year Festival)
- VESAK (Commemoration of birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha) celebrated Southeast Asia.
- MOTHER'S DAY (U.S.), second Sunday in May
- FESTIVAL OF JOAN OF ARC in France, second Sunday in May
- MEMORIAL DAY (U.S.), Last Monday in May
- MAHAVIR JAYANTI, Indian festival celebrating birth of Lord Mahavira, celebrated early April
- AKSHAYA TRITIYA, Hindu Festival, celebrated late April
- DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME - begins first Sunday in April - clocks forward
- Arbor Day - last Friday in April
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