1 FEBRUARY
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Richard Whately, 1787
  • Victor Herbert, 1859
  • Fyodor Chaliapin, 1873
  • John Ford, 1895
  • Clark Gable, 1901
  • Langston Hughes, 1902
  • S.J. Perelman, 1904
  • Hildegarde, 1906
  • Dame Muriel Spark, 1917
  • Renata Tebaldi, 1922
  • Renata Tebaldi, 1922
  • Boris Yeltsin, 1931
  • Garrett Morris, 1937
  • Don Everly, 1937
  • Sherman Hemsley, 1938
  • Terry Jones, 1942
  • Rick James, 1948
  • Princess Stephanie of Monaco, 1965
  • Sherilyn Fenn, 1965
  • Lisa Marie Presley, 1968

Died On This Day:

  • Rene Descartes, 1650
  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, 1851
  • King Carlos I Portugal murdered, 1908
  • Piet Mondrian, 1944
  • Willie Hoppe, 1959
  • Hedda Hopper, 1966
  • Buster Keaton, 1966
  • Herb Caen, 1997
  • Arthur Hoppe, 2000
  • Gian Carlo Menotti, 2007
  • Mayor Ed Koch, 2013
  • Maximilian Schell, 2014

Today's Events:

  • 1709 - Alexander Selkirk, model for Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, rescued from Juan Fernandez Island.
  • 1790 - U.S. Supreme Court holds its first meeting in NY; adjourned for lack of quorum.
  • 1793 - France declares war on Britain and Holland.
  • 1884 - After 20 years of work, first Oxford English Dictionary published in Scotland by Sir James Murray.
  • 1892 - 'Auriga,' a new star, observed in Milky Way for first time.
  • 1893 - Puccini's opera 'Manon Lescaut' first performed at Teatro Regio in Turin.
  • 1893 - Thomas A. Edison opens world's first movie studio in West Orange, NJ; total cost $700.
  • 1898 - World's first automobile insurance policy issued by Travelers Insurance, Hartford, CT.
  • 1904 - Enrico Caruso makes first U.S. recording for Victor Company - 'La Donna e Mobile' from 'Rigoletto.'
  • 1906 - Leavenworth Penitentiary in Kansas opens for business-first U.S. national prison.
  • 1913 - Grand Central Station opens in New York City.
  • 1914 - America's first movie censor board founded in Pennsylvania.
  • 1917 - Germans begins unrestricted submarine warfare WW1.
  • 1924 - Britain finally recognizes the Soviet Union.
  • 1925 - Chess Champion Alexander Alekhine plays 28 simultaneous games of chess winning 22. Blindfolded.
  • 1931 - Charlie Chaplin's 'City Lights' premieres.
  • 1935 - 'March of Time' newsreel premieres at Capitol Theatre, NY and 71 movie theatres across USA.
  • 1949 - RCA/Victor unveils first 45 rpm record player.
  • 1958 - Egypt merges with Syria in United Arab Republic.
  • 1960 - First civil rights sit-in; 4 Black students at 'whites-only' Woolworth lunch counter in Greensboro, NC.
  • 1972 - First scientific pocket calculator, the HP-35 from Hewlett-Packard, goes on sale for $395.
  • 1979 - Ayatollah Khomeni ends exile in France and returns to Iran to head revolution; 5 million people welcome him in the streets.
  • 1982 - Late Night with David Letterman begins 13 year run on NBC.
  • 2003 - Space shuttle Columbia disintegrates above Texas on landing; seven astronauts killed.
  • 2011 - One million people march on streets of Cairo and Alexandria against Egyptian government.
  • 2012 - 74 trampled and killed in stampede and 248 injured in football riot in Port Said, Egypt
  • 2013 - Dow Jones average creeps over 14,000 for the first time since July 2007.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Brigid (or Bride)
  • Ignatius of Antioch

Holiday:

  • National Freedom Day in USA

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • TU BI-SHEBAT (Judaism) New Year for Trees, celebrated on 15th of lunar month Shebat.
  • PRESIDENT'S DAY 3rd Monday in February observing births of Washington & Lincoln
  • SHROVE TUESDAY (or Fat Tuesday). Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fasnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany and Austria, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S., Street Urchins' Carnival in Denmark & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
  • ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
  • PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
  • HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring and Vernal Fire)
  • HOLA MOHALLA, Sikh Festival celebrated in India
  • LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
  • SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
  • CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
  • MAHA SHIVARATRI, Hindu Festival of the Night of Shiva, celebrated mid-February
  • TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
  • CHINESE NEW YEAR celebrated all over the world in February
  • SUPER BOWL SUNDAY - first Sunday in February from 2004

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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