Born On This Day:
- Lorenzo de' Medici, 1449
- Paul Revere, 1735
- Betsy Ross, 1752
- Alfred Stieglitz, 1864
- E. M. Forster, 1879
- J. Edgar Hoover, 1895
- Xavier Cugat, 1900
- William Fadiman, 1909
- Barry Goldwater, 1909
- Dana Andrews, 1909
- Hank Greenberg, 1911
- Kim Philby, 1912
- Elliot Janeway, 1913
- J. D. Salinger, 1919
- Rocky Graziano, 1922
- Idi Amin Dada, 1924
- Maurice Bejart, 1928
- Joe Orton, 1933
- B. Kliban, 1935
- Frank Langella, 1940
- Country Joe MacDonald, 1942
- Don Novello, 1943
- Ricky Jay, 1948
- Grandmaster Flash, 1958
Died On This Day:
- King Louis XII, 1515
- King Christian III of Denmark/Norway, 1559
- William Wycherley, 1716
- James Edward Stuart (the old Pretender), 1766
- Hank Williams, 1953
- Edward Weston, 1958
- Margaret Sullavan OD, 1960
- Leland Hayward, 1971
- Maurice Chevalier, 1972
- Michel Simon, 1975
- Victor Buono, 1982
- Alexis Korner, 1984
- Lord David Cecil, 1986
- Cesar Romero, 1994
- Helen Wills Moody, 1998
- Shirley Chisholm, 2005
- Helen Suzman, 2009
- Patti Page, 2013
- Mario Cuomo, 2015
- 45 BC - Julius Caesar ends 445 day Year of Confusion; restarts New Year to Jan 1; Julian Calendar begins.
- 1582 - Gregorian calendar now in effect and today is New Year's Day in France, Italy, Portugal & Spain.
- 1660 - Samuel Pepys starts his diary: 'This morning...I rose, put on my suit with great skirts...'
- 1673 - Mounted mail service inaugurated between New York and Boston on the Boston Post Road.
- 1752 - Today is finally New Year's Day in England almost 170 years after France, Italy, etc.
- 1785 - Oldest London daily newspaper, The Daily Universal Register, first published; later the Times.
- 1788 - Daily Universal Register changes its name to The Times.
- 1801 - First asteroid (Ceres) discovered by Giuseppi Piazzi.
- 1801 - Effective today, the United Kingdom now includes England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland.
- 1808 - Importation of slaves into US forbidden.
- 1833 - Sovereignty of Britain over the Falkland Islands.
- 1840 - America's first recorded bowling match at Knickerbocker Alleys, New York.
- 1850 - First Australian postage stamp issued in New South Wales.
- 1853 - First fire engine goes into service in Cincinnati.
- 1863 - Abraham Lincoln issues emancipation proclamation freeing slaves.
- 1874 - British East India Co. dissolved by British Parliament as a result of the East India Stock Dividend Redemption Act.
- 1876 - London patent office opens for business.
- 1877 - Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India at Delhi.
- 1886 - Tournament of Roses parade started in Pasadena by Valley Hunt Club followed by amateur athletics.
- 1892 - Ellis Island opens to screen all U.S. immigrants; becomes chief immigration station for entire USA.
- 1898 - Brooklyn merged into New York.
- 1902 - First postseason football game won by University of Michigan over Stanford 49-0 in Pasadena, CA.
- 1902 - Hidden for 300 years, El Greco paintings finally shown at Prado museum in Madrid.
- 1908 - Austrian composer Gustav Mahler makes U.S. conducting debut in 'Tristan und Isolde' at Met. Opera.
- 1914 - First commercial air flight in the U.S.; Tony Jannus flies A.C. Pheil across Tampa Bay, Fl. at 15 feet.
- 1923 - Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR, proclaimed.
- 1923 - Postseason football game renamed 'Rose Bowl' in Pasadena, CA.
- 1924 - Ink paste patented by Frank Buckley Cooney of Minneapolis, MN.
- 1926 - Nationalist government established in China.
- 1928 - World's first air-conditioned office building opens in San Antonio, TX.
- 1931 - Royal Traffic Act in Britain abolishes 20 mph speed limit and brings in driving tests.
- 1948 - World's first color newsreel filmed at Tournament of Roses, Pasadena.
- 1958 - The European Economic Community came into existence (EEC).
- 1959 - Castro overthrows Batista in Cuba.
- 1961 - The farthing ceases to be legal tender.
- 1961 - American Lutheran Church formed by merger of three Lutheran churches.
- 1962 - Following an audition, Decca Records in London rejects new group, the Beatles.
- 1971 - It is now illegal to advertise cigarettes on radio or television in the U.S.A.
- 1973 - Britain enters Common Market
- 1975 - Mitchell, Haldeman & Ehrlichman found guilty in Watergate cover-up.
- 1976 - From today, an author, artist or composer owns copyrights on his material for 50 years after death.
- 1980 - 'The Far Side,' cartoons by Gary Larson, debuts in the San Francisco Chronicle.
- 1993 - Czechoslovakia is no more; Czech Republic and Slovakia become two separate countries.
- 1999 - Euro becomes legal currency of countries participating in first wave of European Monetary Union.
- 2002 - Euro coins and notes introduced.
Feast Day of Saint:
- St. Basil's or St. Vasily's Day in Eastern Orthodox Churches
- Festival of the Circumcision
- HAPPY NEW YEAR!
- Independence Day Australia (1901), Brunei (1984) Cameroon (1960), Haiti (1804), Sudan (1956) Western Samoa (1962)
- Revolution Day in Cuba
- Oshogatsu (New Year's Day) in Japan
- YÜAN TAN. Chinese New Year's Day. Based on lunar calendar - starts sunset on day of 2nd New Moon.
- CHINESE LANTERN FESTIVAL 15th day of first month of lunar calendar marks end of Chinese New Year.
- TU BI-SHEBAT (Judaism) New Year for Trees, celebrated on 15th of lunar month Shebat.
- MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY 3rd Monday in January
- ADULTS DAY in Japan - second Monday in January - 'Seijin no hi'
- SNOW FESTIVAL - Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God
- VASANT PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of Spring and of Saraswati, Goddess of Learning (end of January)
- PONGAL AND MAKARA SANKRANTI, mid-January, Harvest festival celebrated in Southern India and Singapore
- LAILAT AL MIRAJ Muslim Festival celebrating ascent of Muhammad into Heaven
- JAPANESE NEW YEAR - 3 day festival
- LOHRI, the Hindu Bonfire Festival, celebrated early January
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