Born On This Day:
- King Louis XVI France, 1754
- Arnold Toynbee, 1852
- Edgar Lee Masters, 1869
- Will Cuppy, 1884
- Gene Kelly, 1912
- Vera Miles, 1929
- Mark Russell, 1932
- Pete Wilson, 1933
- Barbara Eden, 1934
- Donald Duck by Walt Disney, 1936
- Keith Moon, 1947
- Shelley Long, 1949
- Rick Springfield, 1949
- River Phoenix, 1970
- Kobe Bryant, 1978
Died On This Day:
- Sir William Wallace hanged/beheaded, 1305
- Duke of Buckingham, 1628
- Rudolph Valentino, 1926
- Sacco and Vanzetti executed, 1927
- Sidney Howard, 1939
- Oscar Hammerstein II, 1960
- Francis X. Bushman , 1966
- R.D. Laing, 1989
- Alfred Eisenstaedt, 1995
- Brock Peters, 2005
- 1346 - Victory of English under King Edward III over French (Philip VI) in Battle of Crécy (100 Yrs War).
- 1617 - First one-way streets established in London - 17 specified including Thames St. and Pudding Lane.
- 1833 - British Parliament outlaws slavery in colonies.
- 1839 - Hong Kong taken by British in Anglo-Chinese opium war.
- 1914 - Japan declares war on Germany. Also battle of Mons, Belgium.
- 1939 - Russia and Nazi Germany sign non-aggression pact. Two years later it is kaput.
- 1940 - First German air raids on central London; Blitz to begin on September 7.
- 1942 - Last cavalry charge in history; 2,000 Russians flee from 600 mounted men of Italian Cavalry.
- 1948 - World council of churches formed.
- 1966 - First photograph of earth taken from space vehicle Orbiter I near moon.
- 1975 - Greek colonels sentenced to death.
- 1990 - First website goes live on the Internet: Tim Berners-Lee's site info.cern.ch.
- 1999 - Berlin again becomes the capital of Germany.
- 2011 - Four decade-old Gaddafi regime ends in Libya as rebels, with Nato's help, take control of Tripoli.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Day of Nemesis goddess of fate
- Liberation Day in Romania
- Zodiac: Leo ends, Virgo begins
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
- ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
- CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
- Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
- FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA
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