23 MARCH
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Joan Crawford, 1904
  • Akira Kurosawa, 1910
  • Wernher von Braun, 1912
  • Marty Allen, 1922
  • Roger Bannister, 1929
  • Maynard Holbrook Jackson, 1938
  • Chaka Khan, 1953
  • Amanda Plummer, 1957
  • Steve Redgrave, 1962
  • Princess Eugenie of York, 1990

Died On This Day:

  • King Pedro the Cruel of Castile & Leon, 1369
  • Pope Julius III, 1555
  • Queen Elizabeth I, 1603
  • Gieseppe Grimaldi, 1788
  • Czar Paul I assassinated, 1801
  • Thomas Holcroft, 1809
  • Stendhal, 1842
  • Franklin P. Adams, 1960
  • Peter Lorre, 1964
  • Mae Murray, 1965
  • Edward Lasker, 1981
  • Barney Clark, 1983
  • Zoot Sims, 1985
  • Giulietta Masina, 1994
  • Elizabeth Taylor, 2011

Today's Events:

  • AD 625 - Prophet Muhammad wounded by a stone in the Islamic Battle of Uhud.
  • 1713 - Tuscarora Indians vanquished in War at Fort Nohucke, SC; Indians flee north to join Iroquois.
  • 1743 - One year after Dublin, Handel's 'Messiah' debuts in London before King George II at Covent Garden.
  • 1775 - Patrick Henry speaks to Virginia Convention: 'Give me liberty or give me death.'
  • 1839 - Boston Morning Post first prints new hip buzz word 'O.K.'
  • 1848 - First settlers land at New Zealand.
  • 1857 - First Otis passenger elevator installed at Haughtwhat and Company's department store, 488 Broadway, New York City.
  • 1858 - Eleazer A. Gardner of Philadelphia receives patent on his cable car.
  • 1861 - London's first tramcars begin operations from Bayswater; designed by American - Mr. Train!
  • 1918 - Chinese magician Chung Ling Soo (actually William Robinson, a white American) accidentally kills himself onstage at the Wood Green Theatre, London performing the catch bullet in teeth trick.
  • 1919 - Founding of Fascist Party in Italy by Benito Mussolini.
  • 1925 - Tennessee passes law prohibiting the teaching of evolution in schools.
  • 1933 - Adolf Hitler granted dictatorial powers by German Reichstag.
  • 1942 - Japanese-Americans forced detention begins on West Coast of U.S.A. after Pearl Harbor. WWII.
  • 1949 - Sidney Kingsley's 'Detective Story' opens on Broadway at the Hudson Theatre.
  • 1956 - Pakistan proclaimed the world's first Islamic Republic within British Commonwealth.
  • 1965 - Gemini 3, piloted by Virgil 'Gus' Grissom and John Young, is first manned Gemini flight to take off.
  • 1973 - First TV soap opera to focus on youth premieres on CBS - 'The Young and the Restless.'
  • 1987 - TV soap opera 'The Bold and the Beautiful' premieres on CBS.
  • 1989 - Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce they have developed N-Fusion (or cold fusion), but scientists unable to reproduce it and their claims were denied.
  • 2001 - Russian Space Station Mir is jettisoned and falls into Southern Pacific Ocean.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Gwinear
  • Lamentations of Isis

Holiday:

  • Republic Day in Pakistan

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • SHROVE TUESDAY. Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fastnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S. & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
  • ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
  • PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
  • HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring), celebrated early March
  • LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
  • SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
  • CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
  • TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
  • PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
  • PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
  • MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
  • GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
  • LAILAT AL-QADR, I'D AL-FITR & IDU'L FITAR, Muslim Festivals
  • EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches
  • CHING MING FESTIVAL & QING MING (Singapore), All Souls Day in Far East
  • NOTE; EASTER is also called Ostern in Germany and Switzerland, Pasqua in Italy, Pascua Florida or Domingo de Gloria in Spain, Pâques in France, Velykos in Lithuania, Wielkanoc in Polish, Pasha in Greece, Påske in Norway, Påskdagen in Sweden, Zadig in Armenia, Paschen in The Netherlands, Paschoa in Portugal,
  • EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
  • RAMA-NAVAMI, Hindu Festival of Rama, celebrated at the end of March
  • CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
  • NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
  • COMMONWEALTH DAY in Britain Second Monday in March
  • MOTHERING SUNDAY - fourth Sunday of Lent celebrated in England

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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