Born On This Day:
- Pierre Larousse, 1817
- Adlai E. Stevenson Sr., 1835
- Gertrude Ederle, 1906
- Mayor Frank Rizzo, 1920
- Johnny Carson, 1925
- Bella Darvi, 1929
- Diana Dors, 1931
- Juan 'Chi-Chi' Rodriguez, 1934
- Pelé, 1940
- Michael Crichton, 1942
- Weird Al Yankovic, 1959
- Doug Flutie, 1962
Died On This Day:
- Brutus (Marcus Junius), 42 BC
- Saint John of Capistrano, 1456
- Theophile Gautier, 1872
- King Chulalongkorn of Siam, 1910
- W. G. Grace, 1915
- Dutch Schultz, 1935
- Zane Grey, 1939
- Al Jolson, 1950
- Jessica Savitch drowned, 1983
- James C. Petrillo, 1984
- Oskar Werner, 1984
- Adolph Green, 2002
- Mme Chiang Kai-shek, 2003
- Robert Merrill, 2004
- 4004 BC - God created the world at 9 a.m. on a Sunday according to Irish Archbishop James Ussher.
- 42 BC - Victory of Mark Antony and Octavian over Brutus and Cassius in Battle of Philippi.
- 1642 - King Charles battles parliamentary forces at Battle of Edgehill.
- 1707 - First Parliament of Great Britain meets.
- 1850 - Women demand right to vote, own property, etc. at Women's Rights convention in Worcester, MA.
- 1910 - Blanche Scott is America's first female pilot; she flies over Fort Wayne, IN at altitude of 12 feet.
- 1915 - 25,000 women march for suffrage in New York City.
- 1917 - Battle of Caporetto begins, victory of Austro-Germans over Italians, WWI.
- 1942 - Battle of El Alamein in Egypt; British forces under Montgomery stop Nazis and Fascists. WWII.
- 1944 - Battle of Leyte Gulf begins; U.S. cripples Japanese fleet allowing Philippines invasion. WWII
- 1956 - Hungarian Revolution begins as student rebels attempt to disable Russian tanks. 200,000 march against Soviet rule.
- 1956 - Hungarian Secret Police (AVH) fires on protestors; Stalin's statue toppled in Hungarian uprising.
- 1963 - 'Barefoot in the Park' starts 668 performance run on Broadway.
- 1972 - 'Pippin' opens at Imperial Theatre, N.Y.
- 1983 - Terrorist drives dynamite truck into U.S. Marine headquarters in Beirut. 241 Marines die.
- 1989 - Chemical plant in Pasadena, Texas explodes in fire causing $849 million in loses.
- 1997 - Hong Kong's Hang Seng index in largest slide in history losing 10% of value; FTSE & Dow follow.
- 2001 - IRA finally decide to decommission its weapons.
- 2001 - Apple Computer's chairman Steve Jobs announces a new product, the iPod, that "puts 1,000 songs in your pocket."
- 2002 - Chechen rebels hold 800 hostage in Moscow theatre for 3 days; 171 die, mostly by poison gas.
- 2011 - 7.2 earthquake hits Eastern Turkey near Ercis killing 523.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Ignatius of Constantinople
- Anthony Claret
- Traditional day of swallows leaving Capistrano
- Hungarian Freedom Day
- Chulalongkorn Day in Thailand
- Labour Day in New Zealand
- CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
- DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
- PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
- LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
- CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
- DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
- BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
- RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
- CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
- COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
- DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
- MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
- THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October
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