Born On This Day:
- Louis IX (Saint Louis) King of France, 1214
- Edward II, 1284
- Oliver Cromwell, 1599
- Gugliemo Marconi, 1874
- William Brennan, 1906
- Fred Zinnemann, 1907
- Edward R. Murrow, 1908
- Ella Fitzgerald, 1918
- Paul Mazursky, 1930
- Meadowlark Lemon, 1932
- Al Pacino, 1940
- Talia Shire, 1946
- Renée Zellweger, 1969
Died On This Day:
- Anders Celsius, 1744
- William Cowper, 1800
- George Sanders suicide, 1972
- Sir Carol Reed, 1976
- David A. Kennedy OD, 1984
- Dexter Gordon, 1990
- Ginger Rogers, 1995
- Saul Bass, 1996
- Wright Morris, 1998
- David Merrick, 2000
- Estée Lauder, 2004
- Beatrice Arthur, 2009
- Alan Sillitoe, 2010
- 1507 - Ignorant of Columbus, German mapmaker Waldseemuller publishes 'America' as name of new world.
- 1719 - Daniel Defoe publishes his best-selling book 'Robinson Crusoe.'
- 1792 - 3:30 pm - Guillotine first used in Paris at Place de Greve; Highwayman Nicolas Pelletier chopped.
- 1856 - Charles Dodgson, later known as Lewis Carrol, meets Alice Liddel, model for Alice in Wonderland.
- 1859 - Work begins on construction of Suez Canal.
- 1898 - Spanish American War begins; U.S. declares war on Spain one day after Spain declares war on U.S.
- 1915 - First allied landing on Gallipoli, WWI
- 1945 - Delegates of 50 countries begin meetings in San Francisco to organize the United Nations.
- 1945 - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau on the Elbe River cutting Nazi Germany in two. WWII.
- 1953 - James Watson and Francis Crick first publish idea that DNA exists in double-helix in Nature Magazine.
- 1954 - G. Pearson, C. Fuller and D. Chapin of Bell Telephone announce invention of solar battery.
- 1959 - St. Lawrence Seaway opens for business; 400 mi. system between Montreal and Lake Erie.
- 1967 - Colorado legalizes therapeutic abortions if three-doctor board approves.
- 1974 - Coup in Portugal.
- 1982 - Israel formally returns Sinai Peninsula to Egypt.
- 1990 - Hubble Space Telescope launched from space shuttle Discovery to survey the heavens.
- 1993 - 300,000 homosexuals march on Washington, DC demanding freedom from discrimination.
- 2005 - Classic photo by Robert Doisneau of couple kissing outside Paris city hall sold at auction for 10x more than expected - £105,000, by Francoise Bornet, the kissee.
Feast Day of Saint:
- William of Monte Vergine
- Anzac Day
- Arbor Day
- Day of Rubigalia the Roman
- Portugal's Day or Macau celebrated in Portugal
- Sinai Day in Egypt
- PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
- PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
- MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
- GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
- EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the veral equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches;
- EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
- CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
- NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
- BAISAKHI (in India) or VOISHU (in Kerala) or BOHAG BIHU (in Assam) - (Hindu New Year Festival)
- VESAK (Commemoration of birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha) celebrated Southeast Asia.
- MOTHER'S DAY (U.S.), second Sunday in May
- FESTIVAL OF JOAN OF ARC in France, second Sunday in May
- MEMORIAL DAY (U.S.), Last Monday in May
- MAHAVIR JAYANTI, Indian festival celebrating birth of Lord Mahavira, celebrated early April
- AKSHAYA TRITIYA, Hindu Festival, celebrated late April
- DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME - begins first Sunday in April - clocks forward
- Arbor Day - last Friday in April
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