Born On This Day:
- King Henry II, 1133
- David Bruce, David II, King of Scotland, 1324
- King Louis the Great of Hungary, 1326
- Gerhard Mercator, 1512
- Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, 1658
- Heitor Villa-Lobos, 1887
- Rex Harrison, 1908
- Pier Paolo Pasolini, 1922
- Laurence Tisch, 1923
- Loren Maazel, 1930
- Dean Stockwell, 1936
- Samantha Eggar, 1940
- Eugene Fodor, 1950
- Penn Jillette, 1955
- Andy Gibb, 1958
Died On This Day:
- Antonio Correggio, 1534
- King James I of England, 1625
- Count Alessandro Volta, 1827
- Max Jacob, 1944
- Edgar Lee Masters, 1950
- Joseph Stalin, 1953
- Patsy Cline killed, 1963
- Roger W. Babson, 1967
- Mischa Auer, 1967
- Jay Silverheels, 1980
- E. Y. 'Yip' Harburg, 1981
- John Belushi OD, 1982
- William Powell, 1984
- Richard Kiley, 1999
- Hardy Amies, 2003
- Hugo Chavez, 2013
- 1623 - America's first temperance law passed in Virginia.
- 1750 - 'King Richard III' opens at Nassau St. Theatre, New York-First Shakespeare play presented in U.S.
- 1770 - Black slave Crispus Attucks becomes first person to die for America in the Revolutionary War; shot by British redcoats during Boston Massacre.
- 1770 - Five Americans killed by British troops in Boston Massacre-first fight in Revolutionary War.
- 1795 - Treaty of Basel between France and Prussia ends war of First Coalition.
- 1836 - Samuel Colt Co. incorporated to make pistols.
- 1853 - Steinway Piano Factory opens in New York.
- 1856 - Covent Garden Theatre in London destroyed by fire.
- 1922 - Women's trap shooting records smashed by Annie Oakley at Pinehurst Gun Club, NC. 98 out of 100.
- 1933 - Nazi party wins half of all Reichstag seats in general election in Germany.
- 1933 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt orders banks closed; bans export of gold as Depression gets worse.
- 1940 - Stalin gives order to kill Polish officers and others in POW camps; 21,837 shot including 4,421 in Katyn Forest Massacre, which Russia blamed on Nazis.
- 1946 - Former PM Winston Churchill warns of Soviet expansion; first use of term 'iron curtain.'
- 1977 - Jimmy Carter is first U.S. President to broadcast TV phone-in show; with Walter Cronkite.
- 1984 - Standard Oil buys Gulf Corporate for $13 billion - largest US business merger in history.
- 2013 - Dow Jones hits 14,253.77, topping the previous record of 14,164.53 on 10/9/2007.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Ciaran of Saighir
- Phocas of Antioch
- SHROVE TUESDAY. Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fastnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S. & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
- ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
- PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
- HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring), celebrated early March
- LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
- SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
- CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
- TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
- PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
- PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
- MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
- GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
- LAILAT AL-QADR, I'D AL-FITR & IDU'L FITAR, Muslim Festivals
- EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches
- CHING MING FESTIVAL & QING MING (Singapore), All Souls Day in Far East
- NOTE; EASTER is also called Ostern in Germany and Switzerland, Pasqua in Italy, Pascua Florida or Domingo de Gloria in Spain, Pâques in France, Velykos in Lithuania, Wielkanoc in Polish, Pasha in Greece, Påske in Norway, Påskdagen in Sweden, Zadig in Armenia, Paschen in The Netherlands, Paschoa in Portugal,
- EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
- RAMA-NAVAMI, Hindu Festival of Rama, celebrated at the end of March
- CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
- NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
- COMMONWEALTH DAY in Britain Second Monday in March
- MOTHERING SUNDAY - fourth Sunday of Lent celebrated in England
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