1 AUGUST
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Roman Emperor Claudius, 10 BC
  • William Clark, 1770
  • Francis Scott Key, 1779
  • Herman Melville, 1819
  • Jack Kramer, 1921
  • Arthur Hill, 1922
  • Shimon Peres, 1923
  • Lionel Bart, 1930
  • Meir Kahane, 1932
  • Dom DeLuise, 1933
  • Yves Saint Laurent, 1936
  • Ronald Brown, 1941
  • Jerry Garcia, 1942
  • Giancarlo Giannini, 1942
  • Sam Mendes, 1965
  • Tempest Bledsoe, 1973
  • Edgerrin James, 1978

Died On This Day:

  • Byzantine Emperor Justin I, AD 527
  • Louis VI France, 1137
  • Henry III of France stabbed, 1589
  • Queen Anne, 1714
  • Alexander Graham Bell, 1922
  • Israel Zangwill, 1926
  • Francis Gary Powers killed, 1977
  • Paddy Chayefsky, 1981
  • Pola Negri, 1987
  • Florence Eldridge, 1988
  • Eva Bartok , 1998
  • Corazon Aquino, 2009

Today's Events:

  • 1498 - Christopher Columbus sets foot on mainland America for first time at Paria Peninsula, Venezuela.
  • 1714 - George I proclaimed King upon the death of Queen Anne. Coronation October 28.
  • 1774 - Chemist Joseph Priestley identifies gas that would later be named oxygen by Antoine Lavoisier.
  • 1790 - America's first census completed; shows 3,939,326 in 16 States and Ohio Territory.
  • 1791 - 70 years before Lincoln, wealthy Virginia landowner Robert Carter III frees 500 of his slaves.
  • 1793 - Metre defined - 1/10,000,000th of northern quadrant of Paris meridian.
  • 1798 - Horatio Nelson destroys French fleet off Aboukir-Battle of the Nile.
  • 1831 - After 6 years, New London Bridge composed of 5 arches of Dartmore granite, opens to traffic.
  • 1834 - Slavery abolished in all British possessions; 770,280 slaves are instantly freed.
  • 1861 - Confederate patent number 1 issued to James J. Van Houten of Savannah, GA for breech-loading gun.
  • 1861 - The Times becomes the first British newspaper to publish the first Met Office daily weather forecast; "general weather probable in the next two days."
  • 1873 - World's first cable car put into service in San Francisco on Clay Street Hill.
  • 1874 - DDT invented.
  • 1876 - Colorado 38th state admitted to Union.
  • 1893 - Machine to make shredded wheat breakfast cereal patented by Henry Perky & William Ford.
  • 1894 - Japan declares war on China over Korean problem.
  • 1911 - Harriet Quimby becomes first woman granted pilot's license by Aero Club of America.
  • 1914 - Germany declares war on Russia; Czar Nicholas alerts 4 million troops; first shots fired! (WWI)
  • 1936 - Olympic games open in Berlin with ceremony presided over by Adolf Hitler who is saluted by 100,000 fans.
  • 1944 - Polish uprising as partisans try to drive Nazis from Warsaw; 200,000 dead Poles in next 63 days.
  • 1944 - Chief of Nazi SS and Gestapo Heinrich Himmler issues order to kill 20,000 gypsies at Auschwitz.
  • 1946 - Atomic Energy Commission established.
  • 1950 - Guam organized as a U.S. territory.
  • 1956 - Dr. Jonas E. Salk's polio vaccine made available to masses.
  • 1966 - Military coup in Nigeria.
  • 1981 - MTV, Music Television, goes on the air. First video is 'Video Killed the Radio Star' by Buggles.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Faith, Hope & Charity
  • Ethelwold

Holiday:

  • Independence Day Benin (1960)
  • Swiss Independence Day (1291)
  • Lammas Day

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
  • RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
  • CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
  • TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
  • JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
  • ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
  • CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
  • Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
  • GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
  • FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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