BROWSE DECADES
   
 

1970's

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Events of the Decade:

End of Vietnam War - First war in history lost by United States
Watergate
Fall of the Shah of Iran
Israel wins 4th Arab-Israeli War, the Yom Kippur War;
Middle East Peace short-lived
Nigerian civil war ends
China admitted to the U.N
Christians vs. Muslims in Beirut
India vs. Pakistan again
Soviets invade Afghanistan
Five-year civil war in Cambodia ends with Communist victory
British Army presence in Northern Ireland; violence in Londonderry
Major nuclear accident: Three mile Island, PA, has partial core meltdown

Who's 'In':

President Richard M. Nixon - first in history to resign
President Gerald Ford
President Jimmy Carter
Bo Derek
Burt Reynolds
Tennis stars Jimmy Connors, Billie Jean King, Bjorn Borg, Chris Evert
British PM's: Edward Heath, Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Margaret Thatcher
Valéry Giscard d"Estaing of France
Baseball greats Nolan Ryan and Hank Aaron
Saturday Night Live Stars John Belushi, Chevy Chase, Gilda Radner, Dan Akroyd, Jane Curtin, Bill Murray
Goldie Hawn
Henry Kissinger
Andrei Sakharov
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Swimmer
Mark Spitz
Mother Teresa
Dr. David Reuben and his books "Everything You Wanted to Know About Sex but Where Afraid to Ask" and "Any Woman Can"
Anatoly Karpov
Mick Jagger and his Bianca
Barbara Walters
Billy Jean King
Hank Aaron
Paul McCartney on his own
Menachem Begin
O.J. Simpson
Anwar Sadat
Ayatollah Khomeni
Emperor Juan Carlos, Bourbon king of Spain
Margaret Thatcher
Boxers Leon Spinks, Joe Frazier, Muhammad Ali

Who Died:

Rockers: Elvis Presley, Sid Vicious, Jim Morrison, Mama Cass Elliott, 31, Bobby Darin, Duane Allman, Gene Vincent, Janis Joplin, Marc Bolan, Jimi Hendrix, Gram Parsons, Jim Croce, Keith Moon
Life and Look Magazines
Cigarette advertising on TV
Decade of Disasters:
Cyclone hits East Pakistan & Bangladesh-over one million (!) dead; Manchu River Dam in Morvi, Gujarat, India bursts killing 5,000; Hurricane David attacks Caribbean and Eastern U.S. 1,000 die; Cyclone "Fifi" hits Honduras killing 10,000
Decade of Earthquakes:
750,000 (!) killed in Tangshan, China;
23,000 in Guatemala; 5,057 (6.9) Qir, Iran;
70,000 in Yungay, Peru;
12,230 in Zarand, Iran;
2,312 in Lice, Turkey;
25,000 in Tabas, Iran;
12,000- Managua, Nicaragua;
5,200 in Pakistan;
only 60 in Los Angeles
Lyndon Baines Johnson, 65
2,569 Israelis, 3,500 Syrians, 15,000 Egyptians in Yom Kippur War
913 People Temple Cult members in mass suicide in Guyana
The disease of smallpox says the WHO
"Bonanza" TV show after 14 years; Ed Sullivan after 23; "Gunsmoke" after 20
Volkswagen Beetles
The draft in the U.S.
31 buried alive in avalanche in Canadian village of St. Jean Vianney
Air Disasters: 106 passengers of Libyan airliner shot down by Israeli fighter jets; 345 passengers of Turkish DC-10 outside Paris; Jumbo jets collide over Tenerife killing 580
Harry S. Truman
L"il Abner
Tex Ritter, 67
Erroll Garner
Conrad Hilton
Chou En-lai
Lauritz Melchior, 82
Audie Murphy, 46
Coco Chanel
Agatha Christie
Anaïs Nin
Anthony Eden
Paul Robeson
Nelson Rockefeller
Mahalia Jackson
Samuel Goldwyn, 91
Bertrand Russell
Marianne Moore
Jean Renoir
P.G. Wodehouse
Mark Rothko
Sol Hurok
Pearl Buck
George Stevens
Earle Stanley Gardner
Busby Berkeley
Aristotle Onassis
Jo Mielziner
Thomas Dewey
Luchino Visconti
Chet Huntley
Field Marshal Montgomery
Edward Steichen, 93
King Faisal Saudi Arabia
Josef Albers
Field Marshall Montgomery
Noel Coward
Betty Grable, 56
Georges Pompidou
Igor Stravinsky, 89
Chiang Kai-Shek
Howard Hughes
Howard Johnson, 75
Joey Gallo
Pablo Picasso, 92
Josephine Baker
"Papa Doc" François Duvalier
Kwame Nkrumah
J. Edgar Hoover
Duke Ellington, 75
Walter Reuther
James Jones
Barbara Hutton
Ogden Nash
Edward VIII Duke of Windsor
Goddard Lieberson
Jan Kadar
Jean Paul Getty
E.M. Forster
Wernher von Braun
Sam Giancana
President Sukarno
Darius Milhaud, 81
Johnny Mercer
Phillipe Halsman
Nancy Mitford
Juan Peron
Vladimir Nabokov
Louis (Satchmo) Armstrong, 71
Otto Klemperer, 88
Earl Warren
Arthur Fiedler
Dizzy Dean, 63
John Jacob Astor
Eddie Rickenbacker
António Salazar
Jimmy Hoffa
Archbishop Macarios
Eddie Condon, 67
Pope Paul VI
Nicholas Monsarrat
Dimitry Shostakovich
Jomo Kenyatta
Sir Francis Chichester
Charles Lindberg
Haile Selassie
Lord Louis Mountbatten
John Ford
Sally Rand
J.R. Tolkien
Mao Tse-Tung
Jack Warner
Nikita Khrushchev
Salvador Allende
Steven Biko
Robert Lowell
Leopold Stokowski
Maria Callas
Jacqueline Susann
Pablo Neruda
Erich Maria Remarque
Gammal Abdul Nasser
John Dos Passos
W.H. Auden
Casey Stengel
Pope John Paul I
Dr. Louis Leakey
Jacques Brel
Dean Acheson
Frank Costello, 82
Ed Sullivan
Bing Crosby
Gene Krupa, 64
S.J. Perelman
Walt Kelly
Pablo Casals, 97
Arnold Toynbee
Jackie Robinson, 53
David Oistrakh, 66
Igor Sikorsky
James M. Cain
Ezra Pound
Mamie Eisenhower
Guy Lombardo
Al Capp
Norman Rockwell
Charles de Gaulle
Alexander Calder
Dimitri Tiomkin
Rudolf Friml
Elsa Schiaparelli
Vittorio De Sica
Karen Silkwood
Man Ray
Generalissimo Francisco Franco of Spain
Andre Malraux, 75
U. Thant
Mayor George Moscone
Harvey Milk
H.L. Hunt
Terence Rattigan
David Ben-Gurion
Rube Goldberg, 87
Thornton Wilder
Golda Meir
Ralph Bunche
Bishop Fulton J. Sheen
Walter Lippmann
Richard Daley
Darryl F. Zanuck
Howard Hawks
Bobby Jones, 69
Sonny Liston
Richard Rodgers
Nat King Cole, 45
Jacques Lipchitz, 81
Comedians: Bud Abbott, Harold Lloyd, Groucho Marx,
Gracie Fields, Edgar Bergen,
Allen Sherman, Jack Benny
Actors: Charles Chaplin, John Wayne, Maurice Chevalier, Peter Finch, Sal Mineo, Edward G. Robinson, Susan Hayward, Harold Lloyd, Gypsy Rose Lee, Emmett Kelly, Bruce Lee, Joan Crawford, Mary Pickford, Dame Sybil Thorndyke, Cornelia Otis Skinner, Brandon De Wilde, Zero Mostel, Charles Boyer, Merle Oberon, Dame Edith Evans, Laurence Harvey, Joyce Grenfell

Bad Guys:

Watergate Bunglers:
Richard Nixon
John Mitchell
Bob Haldeman
John Erlichman
John Dean
G. Gordon Liddy
Charles Colson
Jeb McGruder
etc.
Pol Pot, leader of Khmer Rouge in Cambodia genocide murders 1-2 million
Spiro Agnew
Mass murderer Juan Corona
Peter Cook, the Cambridge rapist
Candy Man Killer Ronald O"Bryan
Idi Amin
IRA bombs in Birmingham kill 19
Mysterious Legionnaires" disease kills Philly conventioneers
Richard Miller - first FBI agent/spy
Skyjacker D.B. Cooper
National Guard at Kent State kill 4 kids
Japanese Red Army massacre at Tel Aviv Airport kills 25
Symbionese Liberation Army and their pal, Patty Hearst
Freebasing cocaine
Zebra Killers in San Francisco
Gary Gilmore
Larry and Joey Gallo in New York
Joseph Colombo
David Berkowitz, "Son of Sam" killer
The Red Brigade
John Wayne Gacy, serial killer of 33 boys in Chicago
Rev. Jim Jones
Swindler Clifford Irving
Arthur Bremer, shooter of Gov. George Wallace and others
Dan White, murderer of Harvey Milk

What's 'In':

THE "ME" DECADE
In profession: photographer
Disco craze continues
First e-mail message on Arpanet
Club Med
The VCR
Feminists
Off-track betting in New York
Pocket calculators
Kennedy Center in Washington, DC
The Cuisinart
Quaaludes
Diets: Dr. Atkins, Weight Watchers Program Cookbook,
The Scarsdale Medical Diet, The Pritiken Program for Diet and Exercise
Sony Walkman (Aug.)
Massages
Organic food and yogurt
Lite beers
Vitamins
Streaking
Pet Rocks
Skateboarding
Tattoos
Pyramid-shaped Trans- America Building in San Francisco
Technology: Intel's 4004 microprocessor, floppy disks, the CD, lasers, Doppler radar, CAT-scans, Liquid-crystal digital displays, pocket calculator, desktop microcomputers
Amnesty International
Cigarette advertising banned on radio and television
Designated hitter rule in American League baseball.
First women astronauts
Amnesty for all Vietnam War draft evaders
American-made Volkswagens and Hondas
Busing children
Earth Day in the US - 20 million people participate
Studio 54
Amtrak
New name for Ceylon - Sri Lanka
Supersonic Concorde flights France to US
Casino gambling in Atlantic City, N.J.
North sea oil
Voting age in U.S. lowered to 18
Paper Mate's new pen with erasable ink-the Eraser Mate
Gay rights protests
The Apple II Computer
Disney World opens
Death penalty reinstated
London Bridge at Lake Havasu, Arizona, U.S.A.
110 story World Trade Center in New York and Sears Tower in Chicago

Entertainment:

Plays:
Peter Shaffer's "Equus," "Amadeus"
Neil Simon's "Chapter Two"
Tom Stoppard's "Travesties"
Lanford Wilson's "The Hot L Baltimore," "The Fifth of July," "Talley's Folly"
Alan Ayckbourne's "The Norman Conquests"
David Rabe "The Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel," "Streamers"
Sam Shepard's "The Curse of the Starving Class"
David Mamet's "American Buffalo"
David Hare's "Plenty"
"Uncommon Women and Others" by Wendy Wasserstein

Musicals:
"Grease"
"Jesus Christ Superstar"
"Pippin"
"Godspell"
"A Chorus Line"
"Company"
"Applause"

Academy Award Winning Films:
"Patton"
"The French Connection"
"The Godfather"
"The Sting"
"The Godfather, Part II"
"One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"
"Rocky"
"Annie Hall"
"The Deer Hunter"
"Kramer vs. Kramer"

Others:
George Lucas's "American Graffiti," "Star Wars"
"The Exorcist"
Robert Altman's "M*A*S*H," and "Nashville"
"The French Connection"
"One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"
Stanley Kubrick's "A Clockwork Orange"
"The Godfather" and "The Godfather Part II," directed by Francis Ford Coppola
"Harold and Maud," "Blazing Saddles," "Cabaret," "Deliverance, " "Sleuth," "Serpico," "Last Tango in Paris," "Chinatown," "The Man Who Would be King," "The Sunshine Boys," "All the President's Men," "Taxi Driver," "Network," "The Sting," "Superman," "Alien," "Being There," "Kramer vs. Kramer," "Grease," "10," "The China Syndrome"
Francis Ford Coppola's "Apocalypse Now"
"The Deer Hunter"
Woody Allen's films " "Play it Again Sam," "Sleeper," "Annie Hall," "Manhattan," "Interiors,"
"The Sting"
Sylvester Stallone's "Rocky"
Steven Spielberg's "Jaws," "Close Encounters of the Third Kind"
Saturday Night Fever
Television:
Comedy: "The Mary Tyler Moore Show," "All in the Family," "The Bob Newhart Show," "Maude," "M*A*S*H," "Barney Miller," "Happy Days," "The Jeffersons," "Laverne and Shirley," "Alice," "Three's Company," "Diff"rent Strokes," "Benson," "The Love Boat" "The Partridge Family" "The Brady Bunch"
Drama: "McCloud," "The Dukes of Hazzard," "Columbo," "McMillan and Wife," "Masterpiece Theater," "The Waltons," "The Rock- ford Files," "Little House on the Prairie," "CHiPS," "Dallas," "Trapper John, M.D." "Knot's Landing"
"Charlie's Angels"
Variety: "The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour," "The Midnight Special," "Saturday Night Live,"
Talk: 20/20, "The Tomorrow Show"
For Kids: "The Muppets"
Sports: Monday Night Football

Music:

The Rolling Stones
Pink Floyd
The Beatles break up
Elton John
"Never Mind the Bollocks Here's the Sex Pistols"
Led Zeppelin "Physical Graffiti"
Village People
Emerson, Lake and Palmer
Joni Mitchell "Blue"
David Bowie "Station to Station"
Bruce Springsteen "Born to Run"
Steely Dan
Simon & Garfunkel's "Bridge Over Troubled Waters"
Jackson Browne "The Pretender"
Stevie Wonder "Innervisions"
Fleetwood Mac
The Eagles "Hotel California"
"Saturday Night Fever" soundtrack by Bee Gees
Also: ABBA, Jackson Five, Carpenters, Diana Ross, Osmonds, Carole King, Donny Osmond, Rod Stewart, Don McLean, Roberta Flack, Neil Diamond, Helen Reddy, Carly Simon, Tony Orlando, Jim Croce, Gladys Knight and the Pips, Barbra Streisand, John Denver, Paul Anka, Eric Clapton, Barry White, Olivia Newton-John, Bachman Turner Overdrive, Frankie Valli, David, Bowie, Leo Sayer, Debby Boone, Donna Summer, The Bay City Rollers

Literature:

Solzhenitsyn's "Gulag Archipelago"
Alex Haley's "Roots"
James Michener's "Centennial," "Chesapeake"
"The Exorcist" by William Blatty
Robert Ludlum's The Matarese Circle"
John Le Carré's Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy," "The Honourable Schoolboy"
"Looking for Mr. Goodbar" by Judith Rossner
"Bloodlines" by Sidney Sheldon
"Scruples" by Judith Krantz
Joseph Wambaugh's "The Choirboys"
"The Thornbirds" by Colleen McCullough
"The Day of the Jackal," "The Odessa File," by Frederick Forsyth
Harold Robbins: "The Betsy," "Memories of Another Day"
"Jonathan Livingston Seagull," by Richard Bach
John Cheever's "Falconer"
Norman Mailer's "The Executioner's Song"
William Styron's "Sophie's Choice"
"Gravity's Rainbow" by Thomas Pynchon
Gore Vidal's "Burr"
"Ragtime" by E.L. Doctorow
Margaret Drabble's "the Needle's Eye," "The Ice Age"
Toni Morrison's "Song of Solomon"
"Watership Down" by Richard Adams

Art:

"Conceptual" art
Mark Rothko "Black on Gray"
David Hockney's "Portrait of an Artist (Pool with Two People), Celia paintings
Robert Rauschenberg "Venetian Series"
George Segal's sculpture "Times Square"
Photorealism in painting
Roy Lichtenstein's "Razzmatazz"
Michelangelo's "Pieta" badly damaged by nut with a hammer

Fashion & Beauty:

Unisex dressing
Punk styles
Granny glasses
Fitness wear
Synthetic fabrics - polyester
Skin-tight clothes
Bell-bottoms
Leisure suits
Birkenstock sandals
Men:
Jogging Outfits
Acetate shirts
Afro hairstyle, sideburns
Secondhand military attire
Jewelry "in" - pendants, rings, gold chains; single gold earring
Bikini swim trunks
Wide brimmed hats
Wide lapels
Platform shoes
Giorgio Armani suits
Designer jeans inc. Calvin Klein"s
Bow ties
Baggy trousers
John Travolta Saturday Night Fever look
Women:
Perms
Crocheted vests
Bill Blass designs
Halston's real designs in ultrasuede and cashmere
Flare trousers and "hot pants"
Print frocks of Laura Ashley
Towering platform shoes
String bikinis
Designer jeans
Tie-dye jeans
Shoulder bags
Multiple rings on same finger
"Natural" makeup
Chokers
Platform shoes
Diane von Fürstenberg's jersey wrap dress
Midi-skirts replace mini
"Annie Hall" look - women in men's wear
Hot Models
Lauren Hutton

Media:

"Doonesbury" comic strip by Gary Trudeau
Bob Woodward and Karl Bernstein of the Washington Post break Watergate scandal and bring down a president
Rupert Murdoch buys New York Post
Penthouse Magazine
Cosmopolitan is hot under Helen Gurley Brown

Money:

Worldwide inflation continues
Britain adopts decimal currency; shilling dead after 1,000 years
180,000 Americans are millionaires (1976)
Recession "74-"75
Herstatt bank, Cologne, Germany goes bust
Cost to move London Bridge from England to Arizona- $6.9 million
World coffee shortage-prices soar from 50¢ lb. to $3.20 by 1977
First National City Bank changes name to Citibank, holding co. calls itself Citicorp
Oil crisis of 1973
$280,000 paid for rare 1¢ 1856 magenta of Guiana; $500,000 paid for 4 stamps with upside-down plane
Collapse of fixed exchange rates
Treasury issues disastrous Susan B. Anthony dollar coin
Mercedes owned by Hitler sold for $153,000
Single bottle of 1806 Chateau Lafite claret auctioned for $28,000
Yehudi Menuhin's 250 year-old Stradivarius- $200,000 at Sotheby"s
Titian's "The Death of Actaeon" to Getty Museum for $4,032,000
Metropolitan Museum pays $5.5 million for Valoásquez portrait
First class postage 1970: 6¢ per oz., Airmail 10¢
Price of gold falls below official $35 an ounce
Average hospital care per patient: $81 per day

Religion:

Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church changes name to Orthodox Church in America
Pope John Paul I
Pope canonizes America's first native-born saint, Mother Elizabeth Bayley Seton (1774-1821)
Karol Wojtyla of Poland elected Pope John Paul II
Confucius and his teachings condemned in China as reactionary

Science:

World's first test-tube baby, Louise Brown, born in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England.
"Baby Fae" age 12 days old given heart of a baboon. Dies 21 days later
Intel's first microprocessor, 4004 in 1971 contained 2,300 transistors. Today's runs 3,000 times faster
Genetic engineering; synthesis of functioning gene; British scientists detail genetic structure of organisms; synthesis of human growth hormone
Nerve transplants
CAT-scans introduced (computerized axial tomography)
Heimlich maneuver perfected
Balloon angioplasty for opening clogged arteries
Sound waves used to break up kidney stones
First black hole discovered

New Slang Words:

Have a nice day
To blow one's mind
Murphy's law
Pump iron
Deep throat
Garbage in, garbage out
Promises, promises
Brain drain
We have a problem here
It's showtime!
Pro-choice
To give someone the high five or the low five
Get down and boogie
Ring my bell
Rock the boat
Farrrrrrr out!
Can you dig it?
Dig that crazy...
New words added to Collins Dictionary:
Butterfly effect
Workaholic
Watergate
VAT
Ceefax
Fractal
Punk Rock
ERM
Test-tube baby
Rubik cube

 

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An introduction to History by Decades by Larry Belling. More...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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