Events of the Decade:
War in Vietnam
Six-day war by Israel against Egypt, Syria and Jordan
British troops to Londonderry, Northern Ireland to stop rioting Catholics & Protestants
Russia invades Czechoslovakia
Independence for: Cameroons, Congo, Togo, Madagascar (Malagasy Republic), Somalia, Dahomey, Niger, Upper Volta, Ivory Coast, Chad, Central Africa, Cyprus,, Mauritania, Sierra Leone, Tanganyika, South Africa, Western Samoa, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Zanzibar,
Kenya, Nigeria, Northern Rhodesia (renamed Zambia), Gambia
Tanganyika and Zanzibar united: name Tanzania
Crisis in Cuba:
Bay of Pigs invasion; Castro courts Communists; missile bases installed
Population of Cities (1960)
New York, 7.7
Mexico City, 4.8
Buenos Aires, 4.5
Populations of Countries (1961) in millions:
West Germany, 54
Total world population 3.1 billion
President John Fitzgerald Kennedy
President Lyndon Baines Johnson
President Richard M. Nixon
Martin Luther King
Football great Jim Brown
Baseball players Sandy Koufax, Roger Maris, "Catfish" Hunter, Don Drysdale
Poet Rod McKuen
Tennis star Rod Laver
Princess Margaret and her new husband Antony Armstrong-Jones
Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Basketball greats Bill Russell and Wilt Chamberlain
British PM's: Harold Macmillan, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Harold Wilson
George Pompidou of France
Golfers Arnold Palmer, Gary Player, Jack Nicklaus
Jacqueline Kennedy and her Aristotle Onassis
Dr. Linus Pauling
Soccer star Pelé
John Lennon and his Yoko Ono
Cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov
Israeli Premier Golda Meir
Cassius Clay/Muhammad Ali
King Faisal of Saudi Arabia
Elizabeth Taylor and her Richard Burton
Royal baby, Prince Andrew
Prime Minister Edward Heath
Soviet men in space: Yuri Gagarin, Alexei Leonov
U.S. men in orbit: John Glenn, Gordon Cooper, Virgil Grisson, John Young, Edward White, and Scott Carpenter
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 46
Robert F. Kennedy, 43
Joseph P. Kennedy, 81
Astronauts Virgil Gus Grissom/Edward Higgins White/Roger Chaffee
12,000 in 7.4 earthquake in Iran
777 Israelis, 11,500 Egyptians, 1,000 Syrians, 6,094 Jordanians in Six-Day War.
Pennsylvania station N.Y.
"What's My Line?" after 17.7 years on CBS TV
The Orient Express after 78 years; Les Halles food market in Paris after 834 years!
The Saturday Evening Post after 141 years
300 in football riot in Lima, Peru
6,000 in Caribbean from Hurricane Flora and 256 from Hurricane Camille
Sen. Edward Kennedy's presidential aspirations
2,520 in 6.9 earthquake in Turkey
1,100 in earthquake in Skopje, Yugoslavia
567 unarmed Vietnamese villagers at My Lai by U.S. soldiers
11,000 in volcano eruption in Bali
New York Herald Tribune
Alcatraz Federal Prison ("The Rock")
Old Metropolitan Opera House at 39th Street
Farthings in England
Jawaharlal Nehru, 74
Gracie Allen, 59
Prince Aly Khan
Bernard Baruch, 94
Thomas Beecham, 81
Brendan Behan, 41
Georges Braque 81
Eddie Cantor, 72
Admiral Chester Nimitz
Ho Chi Minh
Winston Churchill, 90
Ty Cobb, 75
Jean Cocteau, 74
Nat "King" Cole, 45
Maureen "Little Mo" Connolly
Le Corbusier, 78
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Lee De Forest
Isak Dinesen, 77
Ngo Dinh Diem
Walt Disney, 65
Marcel Duchamp, 81
T.S. Eliot, 76
King Farouk of Egypt, 45
William Faulkner, 65
Kirsten Flagstad 67
Ian Fleming 56
Robert Frost 88
Clark Gable 59
Hugh Gaitskell 56
Carl Gustav Jung 85
Walter Hagan 77
Dag Hammarskjöld 56
Oscar Hammerstein II
Lee Harvey Oswald
Ernest Hemingway 62
Paul Hindemith 68
Herbert Hoover 90
Edward Hopper 79
Aldous Huxley 69
Pope John XXIII 81
Pope John XXIII
Augustus John, 83
Helen Keller, 88
Martin Luther King
John L. Lewis
Charles Laughton, 63
George Lincoln Rockwell
Henry Luce, 69
Patrice Lumumba 35
General Douglas MacArthur, 84
René Magritte, 69
Jayne Mansfield, 34
Rocky Marciano, 45
Somerset Maugham, 80
Elsa Maxwell, 80
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Marilyn Monroe, 36
Grandma Moses, 101
Sean O"Casey, 84
David O. Selznick
Boris Pasternak, 69
Westbrook Pegler, 75
Franklin Pierce Adams, 79
Cole Porter, 71
Emily Post, 87
Henry Pu Yi
Edward R. Murrow, 55
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Eleanor Roosevelt, 78
Helena Rubenstein, 95
George S. Kaufman
Margaret Sanger, 83
King Saud of Saudi Arabia
Albert Schweitzer, 90
Mack Sennett, 80
Edith Sitwell, 77
John Steinbeck, 66
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
The drug thalidomide found to cause birth deformities
Ku Klux Klan in anti-civil rights killings
George Lincoln Rockwell of the American Nazi Party
James Hoffa, jury tamperer and embezzler
Charles Manson and his family including Squeaky Fromme
British spies Kim Philby, George Blake and Gordon Lonsdale
Robert G. Baker, U.S. Senate secretary
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy
Nurse Killer Richard Speck
Ronald Biggs and the Great Train robbers in Britain
Ronnie and Reggie Kray (brothers) in Britain
Assassins Lee Harvey Oswald
Sirhan Sirhan and James Earl Ray
First spy exchange - Francis Gary Powers swapped for Rudolf Abel
Lt. William Calley and U.S. soldiers at My Lai, Vietnam
Albert DeSalvo, the Boston Strangler
Sniper Charles Whitman
British killers Ian Brady and Myra Hindley
Game show cheat Charles Van Doren
Jiang Qing, wife of Mao and leader of the Gang of Four
Texas tower murderer Charles J. Whitman
THE SWINGING 60"S
Man on the Moon! Apollo XI
Mickey Mouse watches
Aluminum cans and pop-top cans for soft-drinks and beer; Diet-Rite, Tab, Diet Pepsi introduced
Foster Grant sunglasses
Cookbooks: The General Foods Cook Book, Better Homes and Gardens Dessert Book, Casserole Cook Book and New Cook Book, The Galloping Gourmet Graham Kerr Cook Book
Home video recorders
The Duncan yo-yo
Soft contact lenses
New math in schools
Mr. Dolby's sound filter system for unwanted noise
Unrest, demonstrations, riots over school desegregation, civil rights in the American South; sit-ins; civil rights act passed
Marching with Martin Luther King, Jr.
Blacks riot in New York City; violence spreads across country; Newark NJ, Watts in LA, Detroit
Student demonstrations for their educational rights and later against Vietnam War
( draft card burning)
Mods and Rockers in Britain
First satellite in sky (Telstar)
Kennedy's Peace Corps
Woodstock Music & Art Fair - 450,000 rock fans
TA & TM
10 Brands of Yoga
Corvette Sting Rays
Dancing the Frug, Watusi, Monkey, Funky Chicken and varieties of the Twist at Discotheques (or Discos) - Whisky A-go-go in L.A .is the first
Ocean Liner "France"
Boeing 727 and 747
Canada's new maple leaf flag
K-Mart department store
Concorde supersonic plane makes 28 minute test flight
Lyndon Johnson's War On Poverty
Every one's entitled to legal counsel
Torrey Canyon oil tanker disaster
The Chicago 8
First commercial satellite launched
New Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center
First airplane skyjack
Student riots in Paris
Israeli Secret Service agents kidnap Nazi killer Adolf Eichmann from Argentina
Miranda decision requires U.S. cops to read rights
Monterey Pop Festival; 50,000 hippies converge
Gay Liberation Front
Television transatlantic transmission by satellite
Close-up photos of Mars
Britain decriminalizes homosexual acts between consenting adults
Berlin Wall erected
Great Cultural Revolution in China
OPEC - Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Qatar & Kuwait gang up on world oil prices
Obscenity trail of "Lady Chatterley's Lover"
St. Louis's Gateway arch, world's tallest monument
Much of Northeast including New York City blacked out; greatest power failure in history
Electric carving knives
American Stock Exchange admits women members
Instant action replays on TV sports
Expo "67 in Montreal
Robert Bolt's "A Man for all Seasons
Arthur Miller's "After the Fall"
Neil Simon's "The Odd Couple," "Barefoot in the Park"
Eugene Ionesco "The Rhinoceros"
LeRoy Jones's "Dutchman"
Gore Vidal's "The Best Man"
Harold Pinter "The Caretaker," "The Collection," "The Homecoming," "The Dumbwaiter"
Tom Stoppard's "Rosencranz and Guildenstern Are Dead"
Jean Anouilh, "Becket"
John Osborne's "Luther," "Inadmissible Evidence," "A Patriot for Me"
Peter Shaffer's "The Royal Hunt of the Sun," "Black Comedy,"
Edward Albee "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" "Tiny Alice"
"Beyond the Fringe"
Tennessee Williams" "The Night of the Iguana"
Also "The Killing of Sister George," "The Knack," "A Thousand Clowns"
"Fiddler on the Roof"
"How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying"
Lionel Bart's "Fings Ain't Wot They Used T"Be," "Oliver,"
"Man of La Mancha"
"A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum"
Academy Award Winning Films:
"West Side Story"
"Lawrence of Arabia"
"My Fair Lady"
"Thee Sound of Music"
"A Man for All Seasons"
"In the Heat of the Night"
"Cleopatra," starring Elizabeth Taylor
Federico Fellini's "La Dolce Vita"
James Bond films, "Dr. No" and "Goldfinger,"
Alfred Hitchcock's "Psycho," "The Birds,"
David Lean's "Lawrence of Arabia"
Stanley Kubrick's "Dr. Strangelove," "2001 A Space Odyssey"
English films: "Alfie," starring Michael Caine, "Blow-Up," The Beatles in "A Hard Day's Night," and "Help," "Tom Jones," "Petulia,"
Dennis Hopper's "Easy Rider"
Also: "Black Orpheus," "The Entertainer," "Jules et Jim," "Breakfast at Tiffany"s," "The Manchurian Candidate," "Irma La Douce," "Lord of the Flies," "The Pumpkin Eater," "Lilies of the Field" starring Sidney Poitier, "Bullitt," "The Hustler," "Bonnie and Clyde" "Lolita," "The Great Escape," "Zorba the Greek," "Mary Poppins," "My Fair Lady," "The Sound of Music," "The Graduate," "The Dirty Dozen," "Rosemary's Baby," "Midnight Cowboy," "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid"
Comedy: Rowan and Martin's "Laugh-In," "Monty Python's Flying Circus" in England, "The Andy Griffith Show," "The Dick Van Dyke Show," "The Beverly Hillbillies," "The Lucy Show," "Gomer Pyle," "Bewitched," "Hogan's Heroes"
Drama: "Star Trek," "The Virginian," "Daniel Boone," "The F.B.I.," "Mission Impossible," "Ironside," "Hawaii Five-O," "Marcus Welby, M.D."
Variety: "The Hollywood Palace," "The Dean Martin Show," "The Carol Burnett Show"
Talk: "The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson," "60 Minutes"
Quiz: "Hollywood Squares"
For Kids: "The Flintstones," "Sesame Street"
The Beatles "Please Please Me"
The Rolling Stones "Rolling Stones"
The Beach Boys
Big Brother and the Holding Company
Also: Chubby Checker, The Drifters, Ray Charles, Del Shannon, Ricky Nelson, Steve Lawrence and Edie Gorme, Little Stevie Wonder, Bobby Vinton, The Four Seasons, Roy Orbison, Petula Clark, Righteous Brothers, the Supremes, Sonny & Cher, the Byrds, Mamas and the Papas, Aretha Franklin, Bobbie Gentry, Otis Redding, Simon and Garfunkel, Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass, Marvin Gaye, Henry Mancini, The Fifth Dimension, Peter, Paul and Mary
Moog synthesizer invented by Robert Moog
Benjamin Britten's opera "A Midsummer Night's Dream"
Zoltan Kodály's Symphony
Leonard Bernstein's 3rd symphony (Kaddish)
John Cage "Atlas Elipticales With Winter Music"
Richard Rodney Bennett "Aubade"
John Updike's "Rabbit Run," "Couples"
Gabriel Garcia Márquez "One Hundred Years of Solitude"
"In Cold Blood" by Truman Capote
Harold Robbins" "The Adventurers"
Philip Roth's "Portnoy's Complaint"
Susan Sontag "The Benefactor," "Trip to Hanoi"
"The Source" by James Michener
Joan Didion "Slouching Toward Bethlehem"
John Fowles" "The Magus," "The French Lieutenant's Woman"
"The Agony and the Ecstasy" by Irving Stone
Harold Robbin's "The Carpetbaggers,"
Joseph Heller's "Catch-22"
Ken Kesey "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"
Fay Weldon's "The Fat woman's Joke"
Sylvia Plath "The Colossus," "Ariel," "The Bell Jar"
J.D. Salinger "Franny and Zooey"
"Kaddish," and "Other Problems" by Allen Ginsberg
Günter Grass "The Tin Drum"
"The Shoes of the Fisherman" by Morris West
"The Spy Who Came in from the Cold," "The Looking- Glass War," "A Small Town in Germany" by John Le Carré
"Airport" by Arthur Hailey
"The Godfather" by Mario Puzo
Terry Southern's "Candy"
"Armageddon," "Topaz" by Leon Uris
Michael Crichton's "The Andromeda Strain"
Norman Mailer's "The Armies of the Night"
Iris Murdoch "A Severed Head"
"Valley of the Dolls," "The Love Machine" by Jacqueline Susann
Katherine Anne Porter "Ship of Fools"
Muriel Spark "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie"
Kurt Vonnegut's "Cat's Cradle," "Slaughterhouse Five"
Kingsley Amis "The Egyptologists"
"The Confessions of Nat Turner" by William Styron
Doris Lessing "The Golden Notebook," "African Stories"
Mary McCarthy "The Group"
Alexander Solzhenitsyn "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich"
"The Chosen" by Chaim Potok
Henry Miller's "Tropic of Capricorn"
Anaïs Nin starts her 10 volume "Diary"
Saul Bellow "Herzog"
William Burroughs "The Naked Lunch"
Gore Vidal "Julian," "Myra Breckenridge"
Yukio Mishima "The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea"
Joyce Carol Oates" "A Garden of Earthly Delights," "them"
Margaret Atwood's "The Edible Woman"
Anthony Burgess "A Clockwork Orange"
Op Art and Pop Art:
Giacometti sculptures "Walking Man," "Caroline"
René Magritte's "Mysterious Barricades" "The Field Glass," "The End of the World"
Picasso drawing "Reclining Nude"
Andrew Wyeth "Tenant Farmer," "The Patriot," "Grapevine"
Roy Lichtenstein " Look Mickey," "Whaam!" and "Temple of Apollo," "Grrrrrrrrrrrr!"
George Segal's sculpture "Cinema"
Robert Rauschenberg's "Revolvers," and silkscreen paintings including "Retroactive I" and "Press"
Claes Oldenburg's "Lipstick
0n Caterpillar Tracks"
Andy Warhol's "The Twenty Marilyns, "Self-Portrait," "Campbell Soup," "Red Jackie"
Jasper Johns "Double White Map"
Frank Stella "Newstead Abbey," "Aybotana II"
David Hockney "Painting of Tea in Illusionist Style"
Franz Kline's "West Brand"
Robert Motherwell's "Opens" series
Morris Louis "Eta"
Sol LeWitt, Donald Judd, Robert Mangold, Michael Lucera, Joe Baer, Richard Tuttle
Cy Twombly's "Untitled"
Fashion & Beauty:
Carnaby Street in London
Wire-framed granny glasses
Flower child look
Collarless Nehru jackets
Afro hair-styles and Beatles cuts
Felt pseudo-Tirolean hats
Ralph Lauren's polo brands
Miniskirts, later, the maxi
Anne Klein's sophisticated sportswear separates at moderate prices
Heavy eye makeup
Fashion wigs and boots
Oscar de la Renta's gypsy collection
Mondrian designs in young dress fashions
Courrèges" straight-cut minidresses, helmet-shaped hats, calf-length boots
Rudi Gernreich's topless bathing suit a bust but his tent dress sells
The "Russian" look
Mary Quant designs
Emilio Pucci designs
Coco Chanel's suit
Tailored two-piece suits
Oleg Cassini's pillbox hat
Hip-hugging bell-bottomed trousers
Sunday Telegraph and Private Eye in Britain
Rolling Stone Magazine
First all-news radio format goes on the air-WINS, New York
First presidential candidate television debate between Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy
Comic strip "Wizard of Id"
Television is a "vast wasteland" says FCC chairman
First TV broadcast of assassination of JFK and killing of Lee Harvey Oswald
TV main source of news for Americans
Spectacular TV coverage of Moon Landing
London Sunday Times issues color supplement
London Times puts news instead of adverts on page one
Japanese exports quadruple
US Recession "60-"61
Australia goes for the dollar, abandons sterling
South Africa's new decimal money, the Rand, in effect
British balance of payments gap £800 million
Film grosses: "Dr. No" $6.4 million; "Goldfinger" $23 million
Metropolitan Museum in NY buys Rembrandt's "Aristotle Contemplating Bust of Homer for $2.3 million
Norton Simon buys Renoir's "Pont des Arts" for $1.55 m
Van Gogh's portrait of Mlle. Ravoux reaps $441,000 at Christie"s, London
Financials in 1962:
Dow Jones 30 Industrials 616.13
Platinum $82.00 per oz
Silver 1.20 per oz.
1962 Jaguar XKE $4,500
Consumer Price Index 29.60
Cost of Things in 1969:
Hamburger 66¢ per lb.
Butter 85¢ per lb.
Chicken 44¢ per lb.
Eggs 63¢ per dozen
Potatoes 8¢ per lb.
Sugar 12¢ per lb.
Six pack of Beer $1.26
Gasoline 39¢ per gallon
Michael Ramsey, Archbishop of Canterbury
Pope John XXIII calls Second Vatican Council
Synagogues closed in Russia
Thousand year old tradition ends-Roman Catholics no longer required to observe meatless Fridays
Russian Orthodox Church canonizes first US Saint-Father John of Cronstadt (d. 1909)
Pope Paul VI (Cardinal Montini) who becomes first Pope to visit US; he condemns use of birth control devices
American Lutheran Church formed by merger of three Lutheran churches
After Six-day war, Jerusalem reunited under Israeli control; Jews stream in to pray at wall
Methodists in U.S.-13 million
Jews 13 million
Buddhists 200 million
Hindus 365 million
Christians 890 million
First heart transplant-on Chimp and then ...
First human heart transplant by Christiaan Barnard in Cape Town South Africa on Louis Washkansky
The pacemaker for the heart
Texas Instrument's hand-held calculator
Quark theory of classifying sub-atomic particles
Louis Leakey finds ancestral skeletons in East Africa and Elwyn Simons finds 30 million year old skull of oldest primate Aegyptopithecus
IUD birth-control device
Coronary bypass operations introduced
Laser eye surgery
First oral contraceptive pill, "Enovid 10"
Discovery of gamma rays and pulsars
First patent on lasers
Construction of an optical micro-wave laser (maser)
Chlorophyll, pituitary hormone, synthesized
Research on X-ray crystallography
Lung cancer linked to cigarette smoking by U.S. Surgeon General
Genetic code broken - D.N.A. (deoxyribonucleic acid) structure determined
Advances in molecular biology
Thalidomide drug disaster -babies malformed
New Slang Words:
From Rowan & Martin's "Laugh-In"
Sock it to me
Look that up in your Funk & Wagnell
You bet your sweet bippy
Verrry interesting, but stupid
Flying Fickle finger of fate
Here come the judge
Beautiful downtown Burbank
Something is "fab"
In this day and age
All systems go
Go play in traffic
How does that grab you?
It's been real
Let it all hang out
Let's get down to the nitty gritty
The name of the game
Quick and dirty
Down and dirty
She can't chew gum and walk at the same time
Tell it like it is
You'd better believe it
She's not just a pretty face
Something is a bummer
Bug (listening device)
New words added to Collins Dictionary:
About These Tools
An introduction to History by Decades by Larry Belling. More...