BROWSE DECADES
   
 

1900's

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Events of the Decade:

End of the Boer War
Boxer Rebellion in China
First Russian Revolution
Hawaii organized a territory of US
Australia becomes dominion, Tonga a British protectorate
Russo-Japanese War
British conquest Northern Nigeria
Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
Populations in millions 1906:
China 438
Russia 149.2
U.S. 85
Germany 62
Britain 38.09
Ireland 4.3
France 39.2
London 4.5
New York 4
Paris 2.7
Berlin 2
Tokyo 1.9
St. Petersburg 1.4
Vienna 1.3

Who's 'In':

President William McKinley
President Theodore Roosevelt
President William Howard Taft
George M. Cohan
Baseball pitcher Cy Young
King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy
King Edward VII of Britain House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
British PM's: Arthur James Balfour, Sir Henry Campbell- Bannerman, Herbert Henry Asquith
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Orville and Wilbur Wright
Mary Pickford
Ramsey MacDonald
Gustavus V of Sweden
Boxer Jack Johnson
Pilot Louis Bleriot
Helen Keller

Who Died:

200,000 in Messina, Italy earthquake
100,000 killed in cyclone and tidal waves in Tahiti
25,400 when Mount Pelée erupts in Martinique; 2,000 four months later when it erupts again
6,000 Texans in Galveston hurricane/tidal wave
Earthquake in Valparaiso, Chile kills 5,000
5,774 British and 4,000 Boers in Boer War
Earthquake in Jamaica-1,000 killed.
1,500 foreigners in China by Boxers
Hundreds in Mount Vesuvius eruption
Only 600 dead in much publicized San Francisco Fire and Earthquake
18 deaths in college football games
Brown hawk species the Caracara extinct and passenger pigeons
23,000 Japanese troops in one week in Russo-Japanese War
589 in Chicago's Iroquois Theatre Fire
Queen Victoria
William McKinley assassinated
Steven Crane, 28
Friedrich Nietzsche, 56
Oscar Wilde, 44
John Hay, 67
Henry Irving, 67
Pierre Curie, 46
Algernon Swinburne, 72
Henrik Ibsen, 78
Albert Sorel, 64
Paul Cézanne, 67
Arthur Sullivan, 58
Giuseppe Verdi, 88
Benjamin Harrison, 68
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 37
Georg von Siemens, 62
Émile Zola, 63
Samuel Butler, 66
Cecil Rhodes, 41
Pope Leo XIII
Rimsky-Korsakov, 63
Joel Chandler Harris, 60
Frederick Remington, 48
Paul Gauguin, 55
James Whistler, 70
Camille Pissarro, 72
Herbert Spencer, 83
Theodor Mommsen, 87
Anton Dvorák, 62
Henry Morton Stanley, 63
Anton Chekhov, 44
Edvard Grieg, 64
1,000 in earthquake in Kinston, Jamaica
5,774 British killed, 16,000 die from disease in Boer War; 4,000 Boers killed
Marquess of Queensberry
King Carlos I Portugal
Geronimo (Apache Chief)
Charles Lewis Tiffany
Richard Jordan Gatling
Gottlieb Daimler
Susan B. Anthony
Jules Verne
John Millington Synge
Richard D"Oyly Carte
Queen Isabella II of Spain
Helena Modjeska
Casey Jones
Bret Harte
King Alexander I & Queen
Draga of Serbia
Stanford White
Theodor Herzl
King Humbert I of Italy
Calamity Jane
Wilhelm Steinitz
Tony Pastor
Victorien Sardou
King Malcolm III
Frederick Krupp
King Oscar II Sweden
King Leopold II Belgium
Richard Krafft-Ebing

Bad Guys:

Architect/adulterer Stanford White
Presidential assassin Leon Czolgosz
Typhoid Mary, carrier of disease

What's 'In':

THE LAST IMPERIAL DECADE
The Century of Electricity begins
First radio programs
B B guns
Fairy Floss or cotton candy introduced at American circuses
Sears Roebuck catalogues
Nickelodeons
First wireless installations; transatlantic radio
Erector sets, Tinkertoys and Lincoln logs
The Wright Brothers airplane at Kitty Hawk!
The ice cream cone
Ziegfeld girls, "It" girls
Dribbling in basketball
Bakelite invented
Baseball cards
The rubber hockey puck
Sani-towel paper towels
Safety glass
Mr. Hoover's electric vacuum sucking machine
Dr. Scholl's foot products
Ping-Pong
The Fuller brush man
N.A.A.C.P.
I.Q. tests
Junior High Schools and Junior Colleges
The Ragtime music of Scott Joplin
Vacuum tubes
Vick's VapoRub
The term "conservation" coined
National Audubon Society
Sanka decaffeinated coffee
New cars: Essex, Laconia, Cadillac, Oldsmobile, Buick, Ford, Oakland, Huppmobile, Hudson, Pierce Arrow, Franklin, Maxwell, Studebaker; 8,000 cars in America in 1900
Daimler of America issues the American Mercedes for $10,000!
Wall-mounted telephone with separate earpiece and mouthpiece
American Automobile Association and General Motors founded
First Auto Show at Madison Square Garden displays 31 cars
Browning's revolver
The acetylene lamp
Dancing the cake-walk
The new British Labour Party
Boy Scouts
The Broadway subway in New York (IRT) and Paris subways open
First Rose Bowl football game
Great oil strike at Spindletop well in Beaumont, Texas
First taxi cabs in Britain
World's largest diamond, the Cullinan Diamond
Leavenworth-first U.S. national prison
J. Pierpont Morgan forms U.S. Steel Corp.
NAACP founded
Rotary Clubs
United States Steel Corp. incorporated
Tunnel under Hudson River
U.S. Forest Service
Mother's Day celebrations
Edison's alkaline storage battery
Cork centered baseball
Pepsi-Cola and Canada Dry Ginger Ale
First French Grand Prix of auto racing begins
Victoria and Albert Museum in London
Trans-Siberian railroad
Davis Cup tennis
Halley's comet
Mr. Gillette's safety razor
Plaza Hotel in New York
World Series of baseball
Rugby football
Emmeline Pankhurst's woman's suffragette meetings
New Eastman Kodak Company puts out brownie cameras
Teddy bears
Freeze-drying in France
Christmas seals
Nobel Prizes; Marie Curie first woman to win one
Aswan dam opened
Robert Edwin Peary to North Pole; Shackleton Expedition to South Pole
Other inventions: steam-operated clothes pressing machine, rayon, the Victrola phonograph, battery driven hearing aid, the paper clip, disposable paper cups

Entertainment:

World Exposition, largest World's Fair in history, opens in Paris
World Exhibition and first Olympics in America at St. Louis
Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St. Louis
Victor Herbert's operettas "Babes in Toyland," "The Red Mill," and "Mlle. Modiste"
Operetta, "The Chocolate Soldier" premieres in Vienna
Diaghilev's Russian ballet produced in Paris; music by Chopin
Franz Lehár's operetta "The Merry Widow"
George M. Cohan's "Little Johnny Jones," "45 Minutes from Broadway," (starring Victor Moore) "George Washington, Jr."
"Uncle Vanya," "Three Sisters," and "The Cherry Orchard," by Anton Chekhov
Strindberg's "Dance of Death," "The Ghost Sonata"
Abbey Theatre, Dublin founded
J.M. Barrie's plays "The Admirable Crichton," "Peter Pan"
J.M. Synge "Riders to the Sea," "The Playboy of the Western World," and "Deirdre of the Sorrows"
Ferenc Molnár's "Liliom"
Birmingham Repertory Company founded
Drury Lane Theatre (later the Manhattan Opera House) built by Oscar Hammerstein in NY
George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell," "Man and Superman," "Major Barbara," "Mrs. Warren's Profession"
Maurice Maeterlinck's "The Blue Bird"
EARLY SILENT MOVIES:
"Voyage to the Moon," "The Great Train Robbery"
First movie theatres
First newsreels

Music:

Puccini's operas "La Tosca,"
"Madame Butterfly"
Elgar's oratorios "the Dream of Gerontius," and "The Apostles," Overture "Cockaigne," "Pomp and Circumstance" no 4 in G, Symphony no. 1 in A flat
Mahler's Fourth Symphony, 8th in E-flat major, and Symphony no. 9
Paderewski conducts the Warsaw Conservatory
Sibelius" Finlandia overture
Maurice Ravel "Jeax d"Eaux for piano, "Spanish Rhapsody,"
Rachmaninov's piano concerto No 2
Debussy's opera "Pelléas et Mélisande," "La Mer,"
Delius "Appalachia," "Sea Drift," "A Mass of Life" and operas "Koanga," and "Village Romeo and Juliet,"
Richard Strauss operas "Salome," "Elektra," and "Sinfonia Domestica"
Ralph Vaughan Williams" "Towards the Unknown Region," "Fantasia on a Theme by Tallis"
Bartók's first string quartet
Gustav Mahler makes US conducting debut in "Tristan und Isolde" at Met. Opera; Toscanini makes his conducting "Aida"
Enrico Caruso makes American debut at Met in "Rigoletto"; makes first recording for Victor Company - "La Donna e Mobile"
Hit Songs:
"A Bird in a Gilded Cage," "Sweet Adeline," "Wait "til the Sun Shines Nellie," "The Merry Widow Waltz," "Glow Worm," "Take Me Out to the Ball Game," "Shine-on Harvest Moon," "Cuddle Up a Little Closer," "I Wonder Who's Kissing Her Now," "Will You Love Me in December as You Do in May?" "By the Light of the Silvery Moon," and George M. Cohan's "Give My Regards to Broadway" and "The Yankee Doodle Boy" from his musical "Little Johnny Jones."

Literature:

Theodore Dreiser's new modern American novel, "Sister Carrie"
Sigmund Freud "The Interpretation of Dreams"
L. Frank Baum's "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz"
"Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm" by Kate Douglas Wiggin
"The Crisis" by Winston Churchill
Arthur Conan Doyle's "The Hound of the Baskervilles"
Kenneth Grahame's "The Wind in the Willows"
André Gide "The Immoralist"
Upton Sinclair "The Jungle"
O. Henry's "The Four Million," "The voice of the City," "Options," "The Gift of the Magi"
"Heart of Darkness," "Lord Jim," "Nostromo," "Secret Agent,"by Joseph Conrad
Jack London's "Sea Wolf," "The Son of the Wolf," "Call of the Wild," "White Fang," "the Iron Heel."
Maxim Gorki "Three People," "Mother,"
Rostand's "L"Aiglon"
Wedekind's "Such is Life"
John Galsworthy "The Forsyte Saga" includes "The Man of Property"
Leo Tolstoy "the Living Corpse"
Rudyard Kipling's "Kim," "Just So Stories"
Maurice Maeterlinck's "Life of the Bee"
E.M. Forster "A Room With a View," "Where Angels Fear to Tread," "The Longest Journey"
Anatole France "L"Ile des Pingouins,"
Thomas Mann "Buddenbrooks"
Henry James" "The Ambassadors"
"To Have and to Hold" by Mary Johnson
"Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch" by Alice Hegan Rice

Art:

Cubism starring Picasso, Braque, Juan Gris, Fernand Léger
Fauvism movement in France-Matisse, Derain, de Vlamineck, Gauguin, Rousseau
Ashcan school in America with George Bellows, Robert Henri, John Sloan
Picasso's (Blue Period) "Les Demoiselles d"Avignon," "Pierrette's Wedding," "Two Sisters," "Boy Leading a Horse"
Edouard Vuillard's "Interior Rue Lepic, Psaris," "Mmme Hessel,"
Hidden for 300 years, El Greco paintings finally shown at Prado museum in Madrid
Pierre Bonnard's "Girl in a Straw Hat,"
Cézanne's "Mont Sainte- Victoire," "Still Life with Onions," "Les Grandes Baigneuses,"
Renoir's "Nude in the Sun," "Léontine and Coco Reading"
Maurice Utrillo's "White Period"
Toulouse-Lautrec's "La Modiste"
Major exhibition of Rodin's sculptures at Place de l"Alma
Gauguin's "The Gold in Their Bodies," "Horsemen on the Beach"
Monet "Waterloo Bridge," "The Ducal Palace, Venice," "Waterlilies"
Maillol's sculpture "Statue at the Jardin des Tuileries"
Schiele's "Lovers (Man and Woman I"
Rodin's sculpture "Roméo et Juliette"
Edvard Munch "Girls on the Bridge," "Amor and Psyche," "Portrait of Walter Rathenau," and a mural for Oslo University
Henri Rousseau "The Wedding," "The Hungry Lion," "The Snake Charmer," "Flowers in a Vase," "The Wedding"
Matisse "La Joie de Vivre," "View of Collioure With a Church," "Luxe, Calme et volupté," "The Dance" and his sculptures "The Backs"
Pablo Picasso "Boy With Pipe," "Les Demoiselles d"Avignon," "Le Moulin de la Galette"
Marc Chagall "Nu Rouge," "Peasant Women"
Augustus John "The Lord Mayor of Liverpool"
Frederick Remington's "Cowpuncher's Lullaby"
Mary Cassatt's "Sara in a Green Hat," "Summertime," "Reine Lefebre and Margot"
Young Paul Klee's "Two Gentlemen Bowing to One Another, Each Supposing the Other to Be in a Higher Position"
Pissarro's "Market Around the Cathedral St-Jacques, Dieppe"

Fashion & Beauty:

Motoring clothes for men and women
Men:
Brooks Brothers" "polo" collar, a button-down classic
Knickers suits and sports clothes
Frock coats with silk trim
Hankie in jacket pocket
Checked overcoats
Women:
First permanent waves in London
Silk stockings
"Outdoor Girl" look "in" "Gibson Girl "out"
Two-piece dresses
More "tailored" look
Waistlines raised

Media:

Tatler Magazine, The Times Literary Supplement, The Daily Mirror, Daily Express and Daily Sketch in England
Nouvell Revue Française
First color photograph published in London's Daily Illustrated Mirror
First daily comic strip "Mr. Mutt" debuts in San Francisco Chronicle

Money:

Average US worker earns $200 - $400 per annum
Average wage 22˘ per hour
National bankruptcy in Portugal
Car Prices:
Oldsmobile $1,200
6 cylinder Olds "08- $3,500
Oakland $1,375
Many bank failures in America and stock market plunge; Run on Knickerbocker Trust Company by depositors starts Panic of 1907.
Yearly salary of teacher - $325.
U.S. on gold standard; period of great prosperity and growth begins
First Corporation tax
Kodak brownie camera - $1.00, Coffee 15˘ per lb, butter 18˘ per lb., eggs 12˘ per dozen, chicken 7˘ per lb. loaf of bread 5˘, steak 11˘ per lb., sugar 4˘ per lb.,
Bank of Italy, later Bank of America, opened by Amadeo Peter Giannini in San Francisco.
8% of US population has telephones; 3 minute call from Denver to New York costs $11.00

Religion:

Pope (Saint) Pius X (Giuseppe Sarto)
Jewish Populations:
Russia 5,5215,000
Austro-Hungary 2,084,000
U.S. 1,777,000
Germany 607,000
Turkish Empire 463,000
Britain 240,000
France 95,000
Gideons place first bible in hotel room
America's first Buddhist Temple in Los Angeles
U.S. Catholics - 12 million
U.S. Methodists - 6 million
U.S. Baptists - 5 million
U.S. Lutherans - 1.5 million
U.S. Presbyterians - 1.5 mil.

Science:

Albert Einstein's first theory of relativity; law of mass-energy; photon theory of light
Blood types identified by K. Landsteiner (Austria)
Belgian chemist Leo Hendrik Baekeland starts age of plastics with new material - Bakelite
Discovery that yellow fever is spread by mosquitoes and pellagra by poor nutrition and can be cured by B vitamins
Radium is isolated by Pierre and Marie Curie coining term "radioactive"
Ivan Pavlov's experiments in conditioned reflexes
The term "allergy" first used
Ammonia synthesized
Helium liquefied
Max Planck talks about the "Quantum Theory" and "Laws of Radiation"
Adrenalin hormone isolated
Study of pituitary body by Cushing
Nernst's "third law of thermodynamics"
Spinal anesthesia experiments with cocaine
Invention of the electrocardiograph
Hormones, gamma rays, silicones discovered
First genetics research
Discovery of krypton and xenon gases in atmosphere
Invention of ultramicroscope, the photoelectric cell, ultra-violet lamp,
New method of tuberculosis diagnosis
Novocaine discovered
First artificial hip-joint
Discovery of radon
Coca-Cola contains cocaine and marijuana, heroin, and morphine were all available over the counter at corner drugstores in US.

New Slang Words:

Absent-minded beggar...
After you with the push
(being polite to someone who is pushing and/or rushing)
The call of the wild
Crazy as a bedbug
Have bats in one's belfry
To go over something with a fine-toothed comb
A dastardly crime
Muckraker (meaning exposer of unpleasant things first used by Teddy Roosevelt)
Dyed in the wool...
To face the music
To get one's bearings
More to something than meets the eye
Traffic is at a standstill (1905!!!)
Get off my back
How's tricks?
If it isn't one thing, it's another
Is everybody happy?
Keep your shirt on
Let the good times roll
Long time no see
No harm in trying
Pardon my French
He doesn't have a pot to piss in
Search me...
That's all there is, there ain't no more
That's the ticket
Something is pie-in-the-sky
You get my goat!
You'd forget your (head) if it wasn't screwed on
Someone is a bigshot
To get blotto (drunk)
Someone is fit to be tied
The graveyard shift
To go slumming
New words added to Collins Dictionary:
Labour Party
Fingerprint
Teddy Bear
Tarmac
Fifa
Sinn Fein
Suffragette
Allergy
Borstal
Jazz

 

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An introduction to History by Decades by Larry Belling. More...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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