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Events of the Decade:

Napoleon's Hundred Days
(Battle of Waterloo).
US vs. Britain again in the War of 1812
French vs. Russians
Independence of Venezuela under Bolívar, Chile, Paraguay, Argentina
Singapore settled by British
Norway becomes part of Sweden then independent
Revolution in Spain
Map of Europe settles down; Netherlands formed; Switzerland neutral
Britain vs. France in Peninsular War
Border between U.S. and Canada fixed at 49th parallel
Spain cedes Florida to U.S.
Census: Britain's population soars to 12.5 million. London exceeds 1 million

Who's 'In':

President James Madison
President James Monroe
Prince Metternich
King George IV
Napoleon I
King Louis XVIII of France
British PM: Robert Banks Jenkinson
Baron Talleyrand
G.W.F. Hegel
Johnny Appleseed
King Dom John VI of Portugal
Simon Bolívar
Sir Stamford Raffles
King Charles XIV of Sweden
Napoleon's new bride after divorce from Josephine - Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria
King Ferdinand VII of Spain
Emperor Francis II of Austria
Chancellor Kelmens Wenzel von Metternich of Austria
Pope Pius VII

Who Died:

King George III of England
Henry Cavendish, 79
Franz Mesmer, 81
Richard Brinsley Sheridan, 65
Jane Austen 41
Queen Maria I of Portugal
James Watt, 83
Robert Fulton
King Kamehameha I
Paul Revere
Empress Josephine
Queen Louise of Prussia, 34
Abigail Adams
Spencer Perceval assassinated in House of Commons
Marquis de Sade
Captain William Bligh
King Charles XIII of Sweden
Slave trading in Spain
92,000 in Volcano eruption in Indonesia

Bad Guys:


What's 'In':

Gas lit streets in London and the Burlington Arcade at Piccadilly
Billiards rooms at Covent Garden, London
Flax spinning machine
The gambling game of craps in America
Melons and cantaloupes in Germantown, PA
Waterloo Bridge, London
Steamship "Savannah" first to cross Atlantic - in 26 days.
The kaleidoscope (invented by Sir David Brewster)
Sushi (bite-size fish on small mounds vinegary rice) in Japan
The Waltz and the quadrille in England
Stephenson's Steam Locomotive
Food in tin cans patented in London by Peter Durand
Mr. Jeremiah Chubb's detector lock
The mowing machine
Professional Horseracing in
Singapore - East India Company starts settlement
Gas Light Company of Baltimore-streets lit up
Mississippi Steamboat "Washington"; Double- decked steamboat in Wheeling, VA;
Pawnbrokers in New York
The lathe
University at Bonn, Germany
Roads of crushed stone constructed in Britain by John Macadam


Drury Lane Theatre, London opens
Sarah Siddons" farewell to the stage
Edmund Kean débuts as Shylock in "Merchant of Venice"


Hit Songs: "The Star-Spangled Banner" and "Silent Night,"
Beethoven - "Egmont," "Les Adieux" piano sonata, 7th and 8th Symphonies,
"Fidelio" completed, "Liederkreis
Rossini's operas "La Cenerentola," "La Pietra del Paragone," "Tancredi," "The Italian Girl," "The Barber of Seville," "Moses in Egypt,"
Philharmonic Society of London founded
Franz Schubert "Gretchen am Spinnrade"
Erl King, 5th Symphony, 6th Symphony
Trout Quintet
The metronome invented
Donizetti's opera "Enrico, Conte de Borgogna" in Venice


Publishers Harper & Brothers in U.S. and William Collins & Sons in Britain
Sir Walter Scott's "Lady of the Lake" "Guy Mannering," "The Antiquary," "Old Mortality," "Heart of Midlothian," "Rob Roy"
Keats" "Endymion," "Hyperion," "To Autumn," "La Belle Dame sans Merci," "Ode on a Grecian Urn"
Jane Austen's "Sense and Sensibility," "Pride and Prejudice," "Emma" and "Northanger Abbey" &
"Persuasion" posthumously
Goethe's "My Life, Poetry and Truth"
Lord Byron's "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage," "The Giaour," "The Bride of Abydos," "The Siege of Corinth," "Manfred," "Don Juan," "Mazeppa,"
Grimm's "Fairy Tales" inc. "Hansel and Gretel," and "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs"
Percy Bysshe Shelley's "Ozymandias," "Queen Mah," "Alastor," "The Revolt of Islam,"
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley's "Frankenstein"
Wordsworth's "White Doe of Rylstone"
Samuel Taylor Coleride's "Kubla Khan," "Sybilline Leaves,"
Victor Hugo's "Odes"


Goya engravings & painting of Duke of Wellington, 2 May and 3 May 1808 paintings, Dońa Antonia Zárate, Duke of Osuna
Turner's paintings "Crossing the Brook" "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage," "Frosty Morning"
First public art gallery in Britain at Dulwich
Prado Museum in Madrid
John Constable's paintings
"Flatford Mill," "Wivenhoe Park, Essex," "The White Horse"

Fashion & Beauty:

Gothic influences in dress styles. Flowing medieval touches

Knee-length pantaloons are out, long trousers are in
Double-notch labels
Hessian boots
Ruffled collars

Redingote, a loose cloak or cape
Light dresses, low-cut and sleeveless
Shorter hair worn down
Feathers for trim, especially Ostrich
Coiled hair
Patent leather shoes
Copious trimmings on skirts
Higher waistlines dropping annually during decade


The London Times gets a steam press
Freedom of press in France
First war correspondent Henry Crabb Robinson; reports on Peninsular War for Times of London
Blackwood's Magazine, Edinburgh
The Scotsman in Edinburgh


New York Stock Exchange
East India Company loses trade monopoly in India-keeps it in China
One year Harvard tuition: $300.00
Austria bankrupt
Britain's total expenditure for State Ł112.9 million
Savings Banks originate in Scotland
Last gold guinea coins issued in England
Large-scale emigration from England causes economic crisis
Major recession in U.S; land values collapse
First Life Insurance in U.S.
First interest-bearing treasury notes in U.S.
Brown Brothers (Brown Brothers Harriman since 1931) founded in NY. US's oldest private bank.
Britain's Astronomer Royal one of the highest paid people at Ł350 per year


Jews in Prussia emancipated
Methodist Missionary Society founded
American Bible Society founded
Pope Pius VII restores Inquisition
Lutherans and Reformed Churches ally in Prussia


Dr. James Parkinson's "Essay on the Shaking Palsy" describes Parkinson's disease
Medical books published on psychiatry, anatomy, pediatrics, therapeutics and materia medica, mental diseases and hydrophobia
Invention of the stethoscope by R. Laennec of France
Unqualified doctors can no longer practice in England
Fraunhofer's prism spectroscope showed chemical make-up of galaxies and stars
Elements cadmium, selenium, lithium discovered
Discovery of electro-magnetism
Discovery of cholesterol
Iodine, hydrogen peroxide isolated
Brain anatomy theories of Sir Charles Bell
Augustin Fresnel's experiments on diffraction of light

New Slang Words:

"Uncle Sam." for the U.S.A.
To have an axe to grind
To put the cart before the horse
Don't give up the ship
To feather one's nest
Give and take
To hit the nail on the head
Someone's name is mud
To back out of something
To be blasé


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An introduction to History by Decades by Larry Belling. More...




















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