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Events of the Decade:

American Revolutionary War of Independence against British
Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party
Declaration of Independence
Wyoming Indians massacre whites in Pennsylvania
Russia takes Crimea
War of Bavarian Succession; Austria loses
James Bruce discovers source of the Nile
Spain wars against Britain
Captain James Cook crosses Antarctic Circle, discovers Botany Bay, Australia, New South Wales, Sandwich Isles, Hawaii
Maratha wars in India against British

Who's 'In':

General George Washington
King Louis XVI of France
London portrait painter George Romney is "in"
Thomas Paine
Child protégé Ludwig Van Beethoven
British PM: Frederick North
Paul Revere
Abdul Hamid I, Sultan of Turkey
King Gustavus III of Sweden
Ethan Allen
Patrick Henry
Daniel Rutherford
John Paul Jones
Adam Smith
Marie Antoinette
J. Priestley
Warren Hastings
Abdul Hamid I Sultan of Turkey
Queen Maria Anna (Portugal)
Captain James Cook
J. W. Goethe
Thomas Jefferson
John Hancock
Benjamin Franklin
John Adams
Louis XVI

Who Died:

58,000 in Guatemala earthquake
Thomas Chatterton, 18
Philip Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield, 78
Robert Clive, 48
Oliver Goldsmith, 46
William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, 60
Voltaire, 83
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 66
Pope Clement XIV
Carl Linnaeus, 70
David Garrick, 61
Captain James Cook, 50
Thomas Chippendale, 60
François Boucher, 67
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, 74
King Louis XV France
Nathan Hale
Saint Paul of the Cross
David Hume, 65
Witchcraft trials in Germany
The disease of Scurvy
Adolphus Frederick of Sweden

Bad Guys:

Thomas Hutchinson, British Governor General to Colonies
Benedict Arnold
Traitor William Demont

What's 'In':

James Watt's steam engine combined with coke-smelting and other energy tools herald the Industrial Revolution
Brenner Pass
Lottery held by Continental Congress
Procelain false teeth
Bass Ales from Burton-on-Trent England
Oyster farming in America at Rhode Island
Cocktails in America
Calling cards in England
First rudimentary flush toilet
The Derby at Epsom Racecourse
Regatta on the Thames in London
The "Velocipede" (bicycle)
Bushnell's torpedo
Betsy Ross's flag; Stars and Stripes adopted as flag of Continental Congress
America's first mental hospital in VA
Philadelphia Museum
Josiah Wedgwood's pottery
Rhubarb in America
Swallows in Capistrano
U.S. Post Office
U.S. Navy
U.S. Marines
Phi Beta Kappa fraternity at William & Mary College


Philip Astley's circus goes to France becoming the first traveling circus
Sturm und Drang drama is a hot ticket
Shakespeare in German
Richard Brinsley Sheridan's "The School for Scandal," "The Critic," and "The Rivals," "St. Patrick's Day," "The Duenna"
Sarah Siddon's début at Drury Lane, London
Swedish National Theatre
Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer"
Beaumarchais" play "The Barber of Seville"
Johann von Goethe's plays "Gotz von Berlichingen," "Clavigo," "Stella"


First barrel organs
La Scala Opera House in Milan opens
Handel's "Messiah" in New York, Germany
Haydn's the "Sun" quartets (25-30), Farewell Symphony, & "La Roxolane" and "La Pescatrice," opera buffa, 6 symphonies Op. 20
"Antigone" by Puccini
Mozart's operas "Lucio Silla" in Milan, "La Finat Giardiniera" in Salzburg, Serenade in D major, K. 250 ("Haffner"), Ballet "Les Petits Riens"
"Iphigenia in Aulis," "Paride ed Elena," and "Armide," von Gluck operas
C.P.E. Bach's "Israelites in the Wilderness"
J.C. Bach's "Amadis de Gaule" opera
Grand piano developed in London


Oliver Goldsmith's poem "The Deserted Village," "The History of the Earth and Animated Nature"
Benjamin Franklin's "Autobiography"
Marmontel's "Sylvain"
1st Edition Encyclopedia Britannica
"Les Liasons Dangereuses" by P.A. F. Choderlos de Laclos
"Letters to His Son" by Lord Chesterfield
Gibbon's "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire"
Denis Diderot's 17 volume "Encyclopédie"
"Lives of the Poets" by Samuel Johnson
Edmund Burke's "On American Taxation," "On Conciliation with the Colonies"
Thomas Paine's "Common Sense"


Gainsborough's "The Blue Boy," "Lord Kilmorey," "the Watering Place,"
Houdon's bust of Molière
Canova's "Daedalus and Icarus" sculpture
Art criticism
Paris Salon
America's first public museum in Charleston, SC
Joshua Reynolds" "Self- Portrait," "St. John in the Wilderness," "The Graces Decorating Hymen," "Miss Bowles"
John Fragonard "The Music Lesson," "The Cascade," "The Washerwoman"
Benjamin West "The Death of Wolfe"
Chardin's "Self-Portrait"
Houdon's sculpture of Gluck

Fashion & Beauty:

Open robes
Wool stockings
First ready-to-wear suits in Europe
Turned-down collars
Tight-fitting doe-skin breeches
No cuffs on sleeves
Powdered periwigs
Large bows on coats


The Massachusetts Spy
Botanical Magazine
The Morning Post of London


Beginning of the Industrial Revolution
Free trade in corn abolished in France
Benjamin Franklin's salary as postmaster -$1,000 per year.
London Stock Exchange established on Threadneedle Street
First clearing House in England


Shakers come to New York
First gathering of Methodists in Philadelphia
Pope Clement XIV abolishes Society of Jesus (Jesuits); Joseph II expels them from the Holy Roman Empire and they"re out of Poland
Pope Pius VI
First Protestant church west of Philly - in Ohio
Black Baptist church in South Carolina


James Watt's invention of "The Condenser"
F.A. Mesmer experiments with medical hypnosis
Discoveries: nitrogen, oxygen, chlorine, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, hydrogen sulfide, manganese
hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid
Galvani discovers electric nature of nervous impulse
Lexell's Comet comes within 1.5 million miles of Earth
Alessandro Volta in Italy experiments in electrical storage
Digitalis first used to treat heart ailments
Antoine Lavoisier discovers that we need oxygen and give off carbon dioxide

New Slang Words:

The road to hell is paved with good intentions
To tread the boards (act on stage in a play)
A bonus something
Not enough room to swing a cat
Like a bull in a china shop
Make one's hair stand on end
Before you can say "Jack Robinson"


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An introduction to History by Decades by Larry Belling. More...




















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