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Events of the Decade:

Great Northern War ends; Sweden loses Baltic Sea; Russia emerges as great power.
K'ang Xi Period of the Qing Dynasty in China ends and Yunzheng Period begins
The Russian Revolution
North and South Carolina incorporated as a Royal Colony
Major fires burn much of the cities of Copenhagen and Constantinople
War between England and Spain
Baltimore founded
Russian and Chinese borders fixed
Slave population of colonial America: 75,000 (1725)

Who's 'In':

Czarina Catherine I of Russia
Czar Peter II of Russia
King George II of England
Explorer Vitus Bering
King Louis XV of France
King Louis I of Spain briefly, then...
King Philip V restored
British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
King Frederick, Price of Hesse-Cassel becomes King of Sweden
King Louis XV of France and his wife Maria Leszczynska of Poland

Who Died:

William Congreve, 59
Czar Peter I (the Great)
Czarina Catherine I
Sir Christopher Wren, 91
Pope Innocent XIII
Sir Isaac Newton
King George I
Duke of Marlborough, 72
Phillippe II France
Elihu Yale, 73
Alessandro Scarlatti, 76
Antony van Leeuwenhoek, 91

Bad Guys:

Dick Turpin, English highwayman and murderer
Jack Sheppard, English highwayman

What's 'In':

The Kingdom of Sardinia
Gin, the "in" drink in Britain
Brazilian coffee
First camel seen at Boston Zoo
First circulating library in Scotland
Valentines-decorated papers for personal messages
Nathaniel Ames "Astronomical Diary and Almanack"
Wallpaper in England
Yacht club at Cork Harbor, Ireland
Rifles in America introduced by Swiss immigrants
Yung Cheng dynasty in China
Spanish steps in Rome


John Gay's "The Beggar's Opera," "Polly"
London Haymarket Theatre opens
Henry Fielding's "Love in Several Masques," "The Author's Farce"


Pedal harp invented
Prague Opera House
Handel's operas "Julius Caesar," "Tamerlano," "Rosalinda," "Otone," and his Harpsichord Suite No. 5 and serenata "Acis and Galatea"
Johann Sebastian Bach's "The Brandenburg Concertos," "St. John Passion," "St. Matthew Passion" "Notenbuch," "Das Wohltemperierte Klavier,"
George Philipp Telemann "in" as director of Hamburg music


Longman's Publishing Co. in England founded
Daniel Defoe's "Moll Flanders," "Four Voyages of Captain George Roberts" "Journal of the Plague Year," " Roxana," "Memoires of a Cavalier," and "A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain"
"General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pyrates" by Captain Charles Johnson (Daniel Defoe??)
Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal," "Gulliver's Travels"
Alexander Pope's "The Dunciad"
John Gay "Collected Poems"


William Hogarth's "Beggar's Opera"
G.B. Tiepolo "Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew"
Antonio Canaletto "Four Views of Venice"
Chardin's "The Rain"
Desportes "Still Life with Oysters"
de Troy "Rape of the Sabines"

Fashion & Beauty:

Long stiffened waistcoat with cuffs to the sleeves
Dress swords
Full-cut breeches
ribboned corsets
Bracelets with medallions
Hooped skirts


First serialization of novels in Newspapers
New York Gazette
First marriage advertisement in newspaper (Manchester England)
Satirical magazine "Miscellanies" with contributions by Pope, Swift and Arbuthnot
Racing calendar
Pennsylvania Gazette published by Benjamin Franklin


South Sea Bubble (speculation craze) bursts; fraud prosecution against Chancellor of Exchequer
Paris Bourse opens
Bankruptcy for France on failure of John Law's Mississippi Company


Pope Innocent XIII
Pope Benedict XIII
Canonization of St. John of the Cross
Inquisition in Spain
Chasidism sect of Judaism founded in Poland by Ba"al Shem Tov
First German Baptists in America at Philadelphia
First permanent convent in America at New Orleans


Explorer Vitus Bering proves Asia and North America are not joined by land
Cross-fertilization in corn discovered
Stephen Hales discovers that air is necessary for plants to grow
First blood-pressure measurements
First use of forceps in obstetrics
St. Petersburg Academy of Science founded
Stephen Gray's experiments with the conductivity of electricity
Smallpox inoculations first given
Easter island discovered with its strange statues
John Harrison's chronometer with compensating pendulum to allow accurate timekeeping in any climate
James Bradley confirms Copernicus" theory that Earth moves around Sun with observations of stars

New Slang Words:

I can't make head of tail of it
To pick and choose
To read someone the riot act
Make one's mouth water


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An introduction to History by Decades by Larry Belling. More...




















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